Peter C. Brooks

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Angiogenesis depends on the adhesive interactions of vascular cells. The adhesion receptor integrin alpha v beta 3 was identified as a marker of angiogenic vascular tissue. Integrin alpha v beta 3 was expressed on blood vessels in human wound granulation tissue but not in normal skin, and it showed a fourfold increase in expression during angiogenesis on(More)
A single intravascular injection of a cyclic peptide or monoclonal antibody antagonist of integrin alpha v beta 3 disrupts ongoing angiogenesis on the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). This leads to the rapid regression of histologically distinct human tumors transplanted onto the CAM. Induction of angiogenesis by a tumor or cytokine promotes vascular(More)
Carcinoma cells selected for their ability to migrate in vitro showed enhanced invasive properties in vivo. Associated with this induction of migration was the anchorage-dependent phosphorylation of p130CAS (Crk-associated substrate), leading to its coupling to the adaptor protein c-CrkII (Crk). In fact, expression of CAS or its adaptor protein partner Crk(More)
vitronectin receptor integrin ␣v␤3 and the matrix metal-In fact, we have recently shown that func-IMM24 10666 North Torrey Pines Road tional expression of integrin ␣v␤3 in CS-1 melanoma La Jolla, California 92037 cells promotes spontaneous metastasis in vivo, whereas † Department of Pathology control CS-1 cells have little if any metastatic ability State(More)
Angiogenesis depends on cytokines and vascular cell adhesion events. Two cytokine-dependent pathways of angiogenesis were shown to exist and were defined by their dependency on distinct vascular cell integrins. In vivo angiogenesis in corneal or chorioallantoic membrane models induced by basic fibroblast growth factor or by tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
Cancer cells are able to proliferate at accelerated rates within the confines of a three-dimensional (3D) extracellular matrix (ECM) that is rich in type I collagen. The mechanisms used by tumor cells to circumvent endogenous antigrowth signals have yet to be clearly defined. We find that the matrix metalloproteinase, MT1-MMP, confers tumor cells with a(More)
Induction of p53 activity in cells undergoing DNA synthesis represents a molecular conflict that can lead to apoptosis. During angiogenesis, proliferative endothelial cells become apoptotic in response to antagonists of integrin alphavbeta3 and this leads to the regression of angiogenic blood vessels, thereby blocking the growth of various human tumors.(More)
Modulation of Tie2 receptor activity by its angiopoietin ligands is crucial for angiogenesis, blood vessel maturation, and vascular endothelium integrity. It has been proposed that angiopoietins 1 (Ang1) and 2 (Ang2) are pro- and anti-angiogenic owing to their respective agonist and antagonist signaling action through the Tie2 receptor. The function of Ang2(More)
Angiogenesis depends on both cell adhesion and proteolytic mechanisms. In fact, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and integrin alphavbeta3 are functionally associated on the surface of angiogenic blood vessels. A fragment of MMP-2, which comprises the C-terminal hemopexin-like domain, termed PEX, prevents this enzyme binding to alphavbeta3 and blocks cell(More)
Tumor cell interactions with adhesion proteins and growth factors likely contribute to the metastatic cascade. Evidence is provided that insulin or insulin-like growth factor-mediated signals cooperate with the commonly expressed integrin alpha v beta 5 to promote spontaneous pulmonary metastasis of multiple tumor cell types in both the chick embryo and(More)