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Cells promote polarized growth by activation of Rho-family protein Cdc42 at the cell membrane. We combined experiments and modeling to study bipolar growth initiation in fission yeast. Concentrations of a fluorescent marker for active Cdc42, Cdc42 protein, Cdc42-activator Scd1, and scaffold protein Scd2 exhibited anticorrelated fluctuations and oscillations(More)
We have purified recombinant human calretinin (CR) from Escherichia coli lysates and have produced a polyclonal antiserum against it. The antiserum recognizes determinants conserved in fish, chicken, rat, monkey and human CR. We show its use in the qualitative detection of CR by different methods of immunohistochemistry as well as in the detection of CR on(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable controversy concerning the exact growth profile of size parameters during the cell cycle. Linear, exponential and bilinear models are commonly considered, and the same model may not apply for all species. Selection of the most adequate model to describe a given data-set requires the use of quantitative model selection(More)
Anti-estrogen and anti-HER2 treatments have been among the first and most successful examples of targeted therapy for breast cancer (BC). However, the treatment of triple-negative BC (TNBC) that lack estrogen receptor expression or HER2 amplification remains a major challenge. We previously discovered that approximately two-thirds of TNBCs express vitamin D(More)
We have isolated cDNAs coding for two novel human pancreatic lipase (hPL)-related human proteins, referred to as hPL-related proteins 1 and 2 (hPLRP1 and hPLRP2) and for hPL. The two novel proteins show an amino acid sequence identity to hPL of 68 and 65% for hPLRP1 and 2, respectively. All three proteins are secreted into the medium after transfection of(More)
Receptor binding studies were performed on 24 soft anticholinergic agents and 5 conventional anticholinergic agents using 4 cloned human muscarinic receptor subtypes. The measured pK(i) values of the soft anticholinergic agents ranged from 6.5 to 9.5, with the majority being in the range of 7.5 to 8.5. Strong correlation was observed between the pK(i) s(More)
BACKGROUND The function and viability of cultured, transplanted, or encapsulated pancreatic islets is often limited by hypoxia because these islets have lost their vasculature during the isolation process and have to rely on gradient-driven passive diffusion, which cannot provide adequate oxygen transport. Pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans) are(More)
For corticosteroids, receptor-binding affinity (RBA) at the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a major determinant of therapeutic potential. Here, the results of a comprehensive quantitative analysis of relative RBA (rRBA) data obtained from more than a hundred active structures are reported. Because of a clear biphasic size-dependence, the recently introduced(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha-hydroxylase expression have recently been shown to be upregulated in several tumors and thought to represent an important endogenous response to tumor progression. Little is known about the expression of these proteins in thyroid carcinoma, although previous reports have documented evidence of the(More)
Existing therapeutic options for management of essential tremor are frequently limited by poor efficacy and adverse effects. Likely the most potent tremor suppressant used is ethanol, although its use is prohibitive due to a brief therapeutic window, and the obvious implications of excessive alcohol use. Longer-chain alcohols have been shown to suppress(More)