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Interaural time differences are an important cue for azimuthal sound localization. It is still unclear whether the same neuronal mechanisms underlie the representation in the brain of interaural time difference in different vertebrates and whether these mechanisms are driven by common constraints, such as optimal coding. Current sound localization models(More)
Orienting responses to audiovisual events in the environment can benefit markedly by the integration of visual and auditory spatial information. However, logically, audiovisual integration would only be considered successful for stimuli that are spatially and temporally aligned, as these would be emitted by a single object in space-time. As humans do not(More)
Interaural time differences (ITDs) are a major cue for localizing low-frequency (<1.5 kHz) sounds. Sensitivity to this cue first occurs in the medial superior olive (MSO), which is thought to perform a coincidence analysis on its monaural inputs. Extracellular single-neuron recordings in MSO are difficult to obtain because (1) MSO action potentials are(More)
So far, the double-magnetic induction (DMI) method has been successfully applied to record eye movements from head-restrained humans, monkeys and cats. An advantage of the DMI method, compared to the more widely used scleral search coil technique, is the absence of vulnerable lead wires on the eye. A disadvantage, however, is that the relationship between(More)
This study compares the performance of a newly developed gaze (eye-in-space) measurement technique based on double magnetic induction (DMI) by a custom-made gold-plated copper ring on the eye with the classical scleral search coil (SSC) technique to record two-dimensional (2D) head-unrestrained gaze shifts. We tested both systems simultaneously during(More)
In a complex auditory scene, a "cocktail party" for example, listeners can disentangle multiple competing sequences of sounds. A recent psychophysical study in our laboratory demonstrated a robust spatial component of stream segregation showing ∼8° acuity. Here, we recorded single- and multiple-neuron responses from the primary auditory cortex of(More)
To program a goal-directed orienting response toward a sound source embedded in an acoustic scene, the audiomotor system should detect and select the target against a background. Here, we focus on whether the system can segregate synchronous sounds in the midsagittal plane (elevation), a task requiring the auditory system to dissociate the pinna-induced(More)
The rat is a widely used species for study of the auditory system. Psychophysical results from rats have shown an inability to discriminate sound source locations within a lateral hemifield, despite showing fairly sharp near-midline acuity. We tested the hypothesis that those characteristics of the rat's sound localization psychophysics are evident in the(More)
The auditory system creates a neuronal representation of the acoustic world based on spectral and temporal cues present at the listener's ears, including cues that potentially signal the locations of sounds. Discrimination of concurrent sounds from multiple sources is especially challenging. The current study is part of an effort to better understand the(More)
Coincidence detection by binaural neurons in the medial superior olive underlies sensitivity to interaural time difference (ITD) and interaural correlation (ρ). It is unclear whether this process is akin to a counting of individual coinciding spikes, or rather to a correlation of membrane potential waveforms resulting from converging inputs from each side.(More)