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PURPOSE This study evaluated long-term results of transanal irrigation for defecation disturbances. METHODS Three hundred and forty-eight patients [248 women and 100 men; median age 52 years (range, 5-85)] suffering from constipation and fecal incontinence were introduced to transanal irrigation. Patients using transanal irrigation at follow-up received a(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of patients are surviving a diagnosis of rectal cancer. The majority of the patients are treated with the sphincter-sparing surgical procedure low anterior resection, and 50% to 90% of these patients experience bowel dysfunction, known as the low anterior resection syndrome. No previous studies have investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to investigate the convergent and discriminative validity and reliability of the low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) score in an international setting. BACKGROUND The LARS score is a simple self-administered questionnaire measuring bowel dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery. The score is intended to be commonly(More)
Constipation and faecal incontinence are common symptoms among patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), myelomeningocoele (MMC), multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease (PD) and stroke. Faecal incontinence in SCI, MMC and MS is mainly due to abnormal rectosigmoid compliance and rectoanal reflexes, loss of rectoanal sensibility and loss of voluntary(More)
With the growing concern that environmental chemicals might impair human and animal fertility, it is important to investigate the possible influence of these substances on sexual differentiation and genital development of mammals. Many of these substances are suspected to interfere with endocrine processes, and exposure during critical periods of prenatal(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate patients' perceptions of the benefits and problems associated with using the ActiGait implanted drop-foot stimulator. METHOD Thirteen participants who had suffered a stroke at least 6 months prior to recruitment, had a drop-foot that affected walking and had taken part in a trial in which an ActiGait drop-foot stimulator had been(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate possible social and geographic factors that could have an impact on quality of life in patients after abdominoperineal excision of the rectum. Although the number of patients with rectal cancer who need to be treated with abdominoperineal excision of the rectum and construction of permanent colostomy has greatly(More)
We tested the hypothesis that proximal tubular Li+ reabsorption is due to passive transport. Clearances of [14C]inulin (CIn) and Li+ (CLi), proximal transepithelial electrical potential difference (PD), and tubular fluid-to-plasma Li+ concentration ratios [(TF/P)Li] were measured in anesthetized rats before and after induction of osmotic mannitol diuresis.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Bowel dysfunction in patients with spinal cord injury often causes constipation, fecal incontinence, or a combination of both with a significant impact on quality of life. Transanal irrigation improves bowel function in selected patients. However, controlled trials of different bowel management regimens are lacking. The aim of the present(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the colorectal luminal transport obtained by retrograde colonic washout with a new scintigraphic technique. METHODS Nineteen patients (5 with spinal cord lesion, 6 with idiopathic fecal incontinence, and 8 with idiopathic constipation) treated with retrograde colonic washout took indium-111-labeled polystyrene pellets(More)