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A 'patient-centred' approach is increasingly regarded as crucial for the delivery of high quality care by doctors. However, there is considerable ambiguity concerning the exact meaning of the term and the optimum method of measuring the process and outcomes of patient-centred care. This paper reviews the conceptual and empirical literature in order to(More)
BACKGROUND Although self-help interventions are effective in treating depression, less is known about the factors that determine effectiveness (i.e. moderators of effect). This study sought to determine whether the content of self-help interventions, the study populations or aspects of study design were the most important moderators. METHOD Randomized(More)
BACKGROUND The management of depression in primary care is a significant issue for health services worldwide. "Collaborative care" interventions are effective, but little is known about which aspects of these complex interventions are essential. AIMS To use meta-regression to identify "active ingredients" in collaborative care models for depression in(More)
BACKGROUND Telehealth (TH) and telecare (TC) interventions are increasingly valued for supporting self-care in ageing populations; however, evaluation studies often report high rates of non-participation that are not well understood. This paper reports from a qualitative study nested within a large randomised controlled trial in the UK: the Whole System(More)
  • P Bower, D Richards, K Lovell
  • 2001
Anxiety and depression are prevalent in primary care; however, current treatments differ in their availability, cost-effectiveness, and acceptability to patients. Self-help treatments (such as manual-based bibliotherapy) may be an appropriate intervention for some patients. The aim of this research was to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of interventions to improve the mental health of women in the perinatal period and to evaluate any effect on the health, growth and development of their offspring, in low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. METHODS Seven electronic bibliographic databases were systematically searched for papers published up to May(More)
BACKGROUND Counselling is frequently used in the management of common mental disorders (such as anxiety and depression) in primary care. However, there are concerns over the clinical effectiveness of counselling, both in comparison with usual general practitioner care, and with other treatments such as alternative psychological therapies and antidepressant(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the cost effectiveness of general practitioner care and two general practice based psychological therapies for depressed patients. DESIGN Prospective, controlled trial with randomised and patient preference allocation arms. SETTING General practices in London and greater Manchester. PARTICIPANTS 464 of 627 patients presenting with(More)
BACKGROUND Access to psychotherapy is limited by psychopathology (e.g. agoraphobia), physical disability, occupational or social constraints and/or residency in under-served areas. For these populations, interventions delivered via remote communication technologies (e.g. telephone, internet) may be more appropriate. However, there are concerns that such(More)