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Clinical data describing the phenotypes and treatment of patients represents an underused data source that has much greater research potential than is currently realized. Mining of electronic health records (EHRs) has the potential for establishing new patient-stratification principles and for revealing unknown disease correlations. Integrating EHR data(More)
Electronic patient records remain a rather unexplored, but potentially rich data source for discovering correlations between diseases. We describe a general approach for gathering phenotypic descriptions of patients from medical records in a systematic and non-cohort dependent manner. By extracting phenotype information from the free-text in such records we(More)
OBJECTIVE Drugs have tremendous potential to cure and relieve disease, but the risk of unintended effects is always present. Healthcare providers increasingly record data in electronic patient records (EPRs), in which we aim to identify possible adverse events (AEs) and, specifically, possible adverse drug events (ADEs). MATERIALS AND METHODS Based on the(More)
A key prerequisite for precision medicine is the estimation of disease progression from the current patient state. Disease correlations and temporal disease progression (trajectories) have mainly been analysed with focus on a small number of diseases or using large-scale approaches without time consideration, exceeding a few years. So far, no large-scale(More)
Maleimide, N-ethyl-maleimide (NEM), and N-methyl-maleimide (NMM) were identified as potent catalytic inhibitors of purified human topoisomerase IIalpha, whereas the ring-saturated analog succinimide was completely inactive. Catalytic inhibition was not abrogated by topoisomerase II mutations that totally abolish the effect of bisdioxopiperazine compounds on(More)
Bisdioxopiperazine drugs such as ICRF-187 are catalytic inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase II, with at least two effects on the enzyme: namely, locking it in a closed-clamp form and inhibiting its ATPase activity. This is in contrast to topoisomerase II poisons as etoposide and amsacrine (m-AMSA), which act by stabilizing enzyme-DNA-drug complexes at a stage(More)
Anticancer drugs targeted to the nuclear enzyme DNA topoisomerase II are classified as poisons that lead to DNA breaks or catalytic inhibitors that appear to completely block enzyme activity. To examine the effects of the bisdioxopiperazine class of catalytic inhibitors to topoisomerase II, we investigated a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) subline selected for(More)
OBJECTIVE Through manual review of clinical notes for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending a Danish diabetes center, the aim of the study was to identify adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with three classes of glucose-lowering medicines: "Combinations of oral blood-glucose lowering medicines" (A10BD), "dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DDP-4)(More)
Electronic patient records are a potentially rich data source for knowledge extraction in bio-medical research. Here we present a method based on the ICD10 system for text-mining of Danish health records. We have evaluated how adding functionalities to a baseline text-mining tool affected the overall performance. The purpose of the tool was to create(More)
Resistance to drugs included in the multidrug-resistance phenotype has been attributed to overexpression of either mdrl or MRP genes and their products in numerous cell lines, while coexpression, to our knowledge, has not previously been reported in the same cells. that the observations do not result from the selection of two independent clones. Examination(More)
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