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Strigolactones, phytohormones with diverse signaling activities, have a common structure consisting of two lactones connected by an enol-ether bridge. Strigolactones derive from carotenoids via a pathway involving the carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases 7 and 8 (CCD7 and CCD8) and the iron-binding protein D27. We show that D27 is a β-carotene isomerase that(More)
Postmortem decomposition of brain tissue was investigated by (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in a sheep head model and selected human cases. Aiming at the eventual estimation of postmortem intervals in forensic medicine, this study focuses on the characterization and identification of newly observed metabolites. In situ single-voxel (1)H-MRS at(More)
A pulse sequence DEPTQ yielding the signals and multiplicity information for all carbon types including the signals of quaternary carbons and encompassing all the known advantages of the basic DEPT experiment is proposed. Its behavior has been studied theoretically and experimentally and has been compared critically with alternative methods dedicated for(More)
The metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis is the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis (AE), a parasitic disease affecting the liver, with occasional metastasis into other organs. Benzimidazole carbamate derivatives such as mebendazole and albendazole are currently used for chemotherapeutic treatment of AE. Albendazole is poorly resorbed and(More)
We compared in vitro1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) measurements of rat brain extracts (rats: 2–56 days old) with chromatographic measurements and in a further step also with results of in vivo MRS. The following substances can be reliably measured in brain extracts by in vitro MRS: N-acetylaspartate (NAA), total creatine (Cr),(More)
It has been shown previously that amiloride, a widely used diuretic drug, inhibits growth in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here we show that the drug also alleviates repression by various nutrients of mating and sporulation in fission yeast. We selected spontaneous mutants that are amiloride-resistant and unable to mate and sporulate. One of them defines the(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term administration of high oral doses of L-carnitine on the skeletal muscle composition and the physical performance has not been studied in humans. METHODS Eight healthy male adults were treated with 2 x 2 g of L-carnitine per day for 3 months. Muscle biopsies and exercise tests were performed before, immediately after, and 2 months(More)
For improving the identification of potential heparin impurities such as oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (OSCS) the standard 2D (1)H-(1)H NMR NOESY was applied. Taking advantage of spin diffusion and adjusting the experimental parameters accordingly additional contaminant-specific signals of the corresponding sugar ring protons can easily be detected.(More)
Phosphomonoesters were measured in the developing rat brain by in vivo and in vitro 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and by classical biochemical methods. In vitro NMR showed that the main component of the phosphomonoester peak is phosphorylethanolamine. Phosphomonoesters measured by in vivo NMR decreased during development at the same rate(More)
Retinoids are C(20) apocarotenoids that have various important functions in metazoans. In addition, several findings suggest their occurrence in eubacteria, including cyanobacteria. It has been shown that the Synechocystis cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP120A1 is a retinoic acid-binding polypeptide. In this work, we determined the reaction catalyzed by CYP120A1(More)