Peter Biberfeld

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A novel human B-lymphotropic virus (HBLV) was isolated from the peripheral blood leukocytes of six individuals: two HTLV-III seropositive patients from the United States (one with AIDS-related lymphoma and one with dermatopathic lymphadenopathy), three HTLV-III seronegative patients from the United States (one with angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy, one(More)
Since either macrophages (Mphi) or dendritic cells (DC) differentiate from monocytes (MO) depending on culture conditions, we investigated the relationship of the DC and Mphi differentiation pathways. Culturing MO-enriched blood mononuclear cells with Mphi colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) or with granulocyte/Mphi (GM)-CSF induced Mphi with a different(More)
Kaposi sarcoma (KS), an angioproliferative disease associated with Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) infection, harbors a diversity of cell types ranging from endothelial to mesenchymal cells of unclear origin. We developed a three-dimensional cell model for KSHV infection and used it to demonstrate that KSHV induces transcriptional reprogramming of(More)
Kaposi sarcoma is a tumor consisting of Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV)-infected tumor cells that express endothelial cell (EC) markers and viral genes like v-cyclin, vFLIP, and LANA. Despite a strong link between KSHV infection and certain neoplasms, de novo virus infection of human primary cells does not readily lead to cellular transformation. We have(More)
The inflammatory reaction following experimental brain contusion was studied by immunohistochemistry in 22 rats during the first 16 days after trauma. An inflammatory mononuclear cell response was evident on day 2, with a maximum on days 5–6 and signs remained still 16 days after the trauma. The time course of the cellular infiltration adjacent to the(More)
BACKGROUND Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) infection is associated with all forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). The HHV8 genome locus ORFK13-72-73 (ORF = open reading frame) encodes proteins that may be important in HHV8-mediated pathogenesis, i.e., the latency-associated nuclear antigen (encoded by ORF73), viral-cyc-D (v-cyc-D), a viral homologue of cellular cyclin(More)
BACKGROUND With the onset of AIDS increased frequency of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) has been reported. However, there is no case-based comparison of childhood (<14 years) KS before and during the HIV pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we report on the Tanzanian cancer registry data of pediatric KS in Tanzania and implications with regard to pathogenic factors.(More)
When grown in vitro, cells from Kaposi's sarcoma lesions of AIDS patients (AIDS-KS cells) constitutively release several growth promoting activities. When inoculated into nude mice, the AIDS-KS cells induce a KS-like lesion of mouse origin. Here it is shown that the AIDS-KS cells express messenger RNA for a complex mixture of cytokines that correlate with(More)
The presence of HIV gag and env proteins (HIV Ag) and virus replicating cells was studied by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively, in brain specimens from five HIV infected patients. HIV antigens were detected in 3 of 5 brains in micronodular areas characterized by increased cellularity and the presence of multinuclear giant cells.(More)