Peter Berner

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A multicenter randomized 4-week interindividual double-blind study was carried out in 58 hospitalized patients with major depressive disorder (DSM III 296.23, 296.22, 296.33, 296.32, 296.53 and 296.52) to test the dose-effect relationship of three different doses of the new cAMP-phosphodiesterase inhibitor rolipram: 3 x 0.25 mg, 3 x 0.50 mg and 3 x 1.00 mg(More)
The authors reinvestigated 84 out of a sample of 90 patients with delusional psychoses after an interval of 6-9 years. The results of the follow-up showed a pattern of episodic versus chronic course which compares to follow-up studies on classically diagnosed schizophrenias. The authors found evidence for their hypothesis concerning the nosological(More)
200 first admissions with functional psychoses were interviewed with PSE and rated simultaneously according to different diagnostic criteria (ICD-9, RDC, DSM-III, St. Louis, Taylor, Vienna Research Criteria). At follow-up 7 years later 186 patients could be traced and a course diagnosis was applied to each patient. Temporal stability of diagnostic criteria(More)
In a retrospective study of 865 delusional syndromes, connections were investigated between delusional themes and the sex of patients, and the ages in which these themes extensively occurred. According to previous reports, the results of this investigation indicated that differences exist between the ages of manifestation regarding the themes of(More)
The conceptualization of vulnerability started around the middle of the 19th century with the emergence of the theories of degeneration that attributed mental disorders to a hereditarily transmitted predisposition reducing the individual psychological resistance. This condition was considered to be the basis of all "endogenous psychoses" whose different(More)
By comparing six different operational diagnostic systems (International Classification of Diseases, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual; 3rd ed., Research Diagnostic Criteria, St. Louis criteria, Taylor criteria and Vienna Research Criteria), the data presented in this paper illustrate how attribution to various categories of functional psychoses varies(More)
The perplexity psychiatry is faced with when approaching the problem of 'schizo-affective disorders' is the result of two characteristic features of human psychology: The first consists in the tendency to pick up quickly attractively formulated terms and to prefer them to others designating the same facts. The second psychological trend referred to concerns(More)
All definitions of schizophrenia rely more or less on Kraepelin's hypothesis, Bleuler's theory or Schneider's pragmatic criteria. After a discussion on how these assumptions are referred to in classical and operational diagnostic systems in Europe, the results of a survey of 1983 literature are presented to show what kinds of assessments European workers(More)
Eighty-four of 90 patients with delusional syndromes of different nosological attribution underwent a 7-year follow-up. From 179 items covering the whole spectrum of psychiatric description of index examination, 20 were found to be statistically significant in predicting different aspects of course and outcome by stepwise discriminant analysis. Course and(More)