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BACKGROUND Carotid angioplasty (CA) has been suggested to be a safer and more cost-effective alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the management of symptomatic severe internal carotid artery (ICA) disease. METHODS The study was conducted as a prospective consecutive randomized trial of CEA versus CA for symptomatic severe ICA disease in a(More)
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) alone was used to treat 54 (23 per cent) of 232 lower limbs with critical ischaemia. Technical success was achieved in 49 cases (91 per cent) with an immediate symptomatic improvement in 47 (87 per cent). There was no death or limb loss attributable to PTA and three embolic complications were successfully treated(More)
A study was performed to investigate the clinical significance of microembolization detected by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) by determining the quantity and character of emboli and correlating these with neurological and psychometric outcome, fundoscopy, automated visual field testing and computed tomographic brain scans in 100 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Operative repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) is associated with a high mortality rate but reported figures vary widely. The aim of this study was to estimate the operative mortality of RAAA repair and determine how it has changed over time. METHODS A meta-analysis of all English language literature quoting figures for operative(More)
The technique of subintimal angioplasty has been attempted on 200 consecutive femoropopliteal artery occlusions of median (range) length 11 (2-37) cm. The principle of the technique is to traverse the occlusion in the subintimal plane and recanalise by inflating the angioplasty balloon within the subintimal space. The technical success rate was 159/200(More)
PURPOSE Prosthetic graft infection after aortic aneurysm surgery is a life-threatening complication. Treatment options include total graft excision and extra-anatomic bypass grafting or in situ replacement of the graft. The latter option is gaining increasing popularity, but the long-term outcome remains uncertain, particularly in light of the increasing(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of an oral preparation of iloprost, a prostacyclin analog, in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) secondary to systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). METHODS A multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled double-blind study was performed at university and community-based medical centers.(More)
Ischaemia-reperfusion injury is a complex interrelated sequence of events that classically involves the vascular endothelium and activated leucocytes. During the ischaemic phase the endothelium is primed both to produce free radicals and to secrete chemoattractants. The resultant neutrophil sequestration serves to amplify the injury, but damage is not(More)
The European Society for Vascular Surgery brought together a group of experts in the field of carotid artery disease to produce updated guidelines for the invasive treatment of carotid disease. The recommendations were rated according to the level of evidence. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is recommended in symptomatic patients with >50% stenosis if the(More)