Peter Barrett

Learn More
Kinetic analysis and integrated systems modeling have contributed substantially to our understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology of metabolic systems and the distribution and clearance of drugs in humans and animals. In recent years, many researchers have become aware of the usefulness of these techniques in the experimental design. With this has(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy has been shown to be less morbid than traditional open radical nephrectomy. The long-term oncological effectiveness of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy remains to be established. MATERIALS AND METHODS At 3 centers patients undergoing laparoscopic radical nephrectomy before November 1, 1996 with pathologically(More)
Retention of low density lipoproteins (LDL) by vascular proteoglycans and their subsequent oxidation are important in atherogenesis. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) can bind LDL and proteoglycans, although the effect of different proteoglycans to influence the ability of LPL to act as a bridge in the formation of LDL-proteoglycan complexes is unknown. Using an(More)
BACKGROUND The accumulation of fat in visceral and posterior subcutaneous adipose tissue compartments is highly correlated with the metabolic abnormalities that contribute to increased risk of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. AIM To determine which of waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and body mass index (BMI) was the best(More)
Hepatic accumulation of lipid substrates perturbs apolipoproteinB-100 (apoB) metabolism in insulin-resistant, obese subjects and may account for increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In a placebo-controlled trial, we examined the independent and combined effects of decreasing cholesterol synthesis with atorvastatin (40 mg/day) and triglyceride synthesis(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid abnormalities may contribute to the increased risk of atherosclerosis and coronary disease in visceral obesity. Fish oils lower plasma triacylglycerols, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE We studied the effect of fish oils on the metabolism of apolipoprotein B-100 (apo B) and chylomicron remnants in obese(More)
The grapefruit flavonoid, naringenin, is hypocholesterolemic in vivo, and inhibits basal apolipoprotein B (apoB) secretion and the expression and activities of both ACAT and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) in human hepatoma cells (HepG2). In this report, we examined the effects of naringenin on apoB kinetics in oleate-stimulated HepG2 cells(More)
The kinetics of apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 and apoB-48 within triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) and of apoB-100 within IDL and LDL were examined with a primed-constant infusion of (5,5,5-(2)H(3)) leucine in the fed state (hourly feeding) in 19 subjects after consumption of an average American diet (36% fat). Lipoproteins were isolated by(More)
The concurrence of visceral obesity, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia comprises the concept of the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is an escalating problem in developed and developing societies that tracks with the obesity epidemic. Dyslipidaemia in the metabolic syndrome is potently atherogenic and, hence, is a major risk factor for CVD(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine mechanisms contributing to decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations associated with hydrogenated fat intake, kinetic studies of apoA-I, apoB-100, and apoB-48 were conducted using stable isotopes. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight postmenopausal(More)