Peter B. Silverman

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Lever pressing maintained by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of etonitazene was established in five Long Evans hooded rats. Each training session consisted of an 8-min fixed interval (FI) during which lever pressing was maintained by food pellets delivered at the end of the interval. Food delivery was accompanied by illumination of stimulus lights in the(More)
We conducted experiments investigating the role of altered cocaine distribution in behavioral sensitization. The first was designed to determine whether carry-over from one injection to the next occurs after acute cocaine administration. Female, Sprague-Dawley rats were administered 5 mg/kg 3H-cocaine and 24 h later were challenged with either 5 mg/kg(More)
D-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (D-dopa) and L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa) induced circling in rats with a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of substantia nigra with similar potency. D-Dopa is not a substrate for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, the enzyme which metabolizes L-dopa to dopamine. This raises the question of how D-dopa has behavioral(More)
Phencyclidine [(l-phenylcyclohexyl) piperidine] (PCP) is known to increase the basal efflux of striatal dopamine (DA) in vitro and to enhance haloperidol (HAL)-induced striatal DA metabolism in vivo. This study compared these activities of PCP to several representatives of the arylcyloalkylamine, benzomorphan and substituted dioxolane classes whose(More)
Cocaine and several other local anesthetics were tested for their ability to induce rotational behavior in rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of substantia nigra. Acute administration of bupivacaine, chloroprocaine, etidocaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine, procaine or tetracaine failed to induce active rotation in this sensitive assay of dopamine(More)
A partial blockade of the multiple actions of cocaine is one strategy by which cocaine dependence may be treated. Risperidone, a 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine D2 antagonist, is an atypical antipsychotic and was a candidate medication for the treatment of cocaine dependence. One hundred ninety-three cocaine-dependent subjects were enrolled in a 12-week,(More)
We investigated the effect of amphetamine pretreatment on the locomotor response to subsequent cocaine challenge. Rats were administered either 0.75 mg/kg amphetamine in a testing environment and saline in their home cage, saline in the testing environment and 0.75 mg/kg amphetamine in their home cage, or saline in both the testing environment and home(More)
Rats lesioned in one substantia nigra were treated on three consecutive days with the nonselective dopamine agonist, apomorphine (0.05 mg kg-1), the selective D2 agonist, quinpirole (0.025, 0.05, or 0.2 mg kg-1) or the selective D1 agonist, SKF-38393 (2.0, 4.0 or 8.0 mg kg-1). Each of these compounds resulted in acute contralateral rotation which increased(More)