Peter B Rosenberger

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The neuronal guidance molecule netrin-1 is linked to the coordination of inflammatory responses. Given that mucosal surfaces are particularly prone to hypoxia-elicited inflammation, we sought to determine the function of netrin-1 in hypoxia-induced inflammation. We detected hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α)-dependent induction of expression of the gene(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI), such as that which occurs with mechanical ventilation, contributes to morbidity and mortality of critical illness. Nonetheless, in many instances, ALI resolves spontaneously through unknown mechanisms. Therefore, we hypothesized the presence of innate adaptive pathways to protect the lungs during mechanical ventilation. In this(More)
BACKGROUND During acute infection and inflammation, dramatic shifts in tissue metabolism are typical, thereby resulting in profound tissue hypoxia. Therefore, we pursued the hypothesis, that tissue hypoxia may influence innate immune responses by transcriptional modulation of Toll-like receptor (TLRs) expression and function. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Copyright © 2014 Massachusetts Medical Society. The definition of coagulopathy is “a condition in which the blood’s ability to clot is impaired.” However, for some clinicians, the term also covers thrombotic states, and because of the complexity of the hemostatic pathways, the two conditions can exist simultaneously. Some practitioners would consider that(More)
RATIONALE Acute lung injury (ALI) is an inflammatory disorder characterized by hypoxemia and diffuse infiltration of neutrophils into the alveolar space. The migration and extravasation of neutrophils is guided through positive guidance cues, such as chemokines. Recent work has identified the neuronal guidance protein netrin-1 to be a negative guidance cue(More)
Recent studies identified basic biological principles that are shared by the immune and the nervous system. One of these analogies applies to the orchestration of cellular migration where guidance proteins that serve as a stop signal for axonal migration can also serve as a stop signal for the migration of immune-competent cells. The control of leukocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Recent work has suggested that the formation of platelet-neutrophil complexes (PNCs) aggravates the severity of inflammatory tissue injury. Given the importance of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) for platelet function, we pursued the role of VASP on the formation of PNCs and its impact on the extent of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The surface of the intestinal mucosa is particularly prone to hypoxia-induced inflammation. Previous studies implicated signaling via extracellular adenosine in endogenous attenuation of intestinal inflammation; we investigated whether epithelial adenosine transport could reduce hypoxia-induced inflammation of the mucosa. METHODS We(More)
Previous studies implicated the anti-inflammatory potential of the adenosine 2B receptor (A2BAR). A2BAR activation is achieved through adenosine, but this is limited by its very short t(1/2). To further define alternative adenosine signaling, we examined the role of netrin-1 during acute inflammatory peritonitis. In this article, we report that animals with(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is an inflammatory disorder associated with reduced alveolar-capillary barrier function, increased pulmonary vascular permeability, and infiltration of leukocytes into the alveolar space. Pulmonary function might be compromised, its most severe form being the acute respiratory distress syndrome. A protein central to physiological(More)