Peter B. Goldsbrough

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Among the heavy metal-binding ligands in plant cells the phytochelatins (PCs) and metallothioneins (MTs) are the best characterized. PCs and MTs are different classes of cysteine-rich, heavy metal-binding protein molecules. PCs are enzymatically synthesized peptides, whereas MTs are gene-encoded polypeptides. Recently, genes encoding the enzyme PC synthase(More)
Phytochelatin (PC) plays an important role in heavy metal detoxification in plants and other living organisms. Therefore, we overexpressed an Arabidopsis PC synthase (AtPCS1) in transgenic Arabidopsis with the goal of increasing PC synthesis, metal accumulation, and metal tolerance in these plants. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants were selected, designated pcs(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are cysteine-rich proteins required for heavy metal tolerance in animals and fungi. Two cDNAs encoding proteins with homology to animal and fungal MTs have been isolated from Arabidopsis. The genes represented by these cDNAs are referred to as MT1 and MT2. When expressed in an MT-deficient (cup1 delta) mutant of yeast, both MT1 and(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are cysteine-rich proteins required for heavy metal tolerance in animals and fungi. Recent results indicate that plants also possess functional metallothionein genes. Here we report the cloning and characterization of five metallothionein genes fromArabidopsis thaliana. The position of the single intron in each gene is conserved. The(More)
An allelic series of cad1, cadmium-sensitive mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana, was isolated. These mutants were sensitive to cadmium to different extents and were deficient in their ability to form cadmium-peptide complexes as detected by gel-filtration chromatography. Each mutant was deficient in its ability to accumulate phytochelatins (PCs) as detected by(More)
Phytochelatins (PCs), a family of heavy metal-inducible peptides important in the detoxification of heavy metals, have been identified in plants and some microorganisms, including Schizosaccharomyces pombe, but not in animals. PCs are synthesized enzymatically from glutathione (GSH) by PC synthase in the presence of heavy metal ions. In Arabidopsis, the(More)
 Analysis of near-isogenic lines (NILs) that differ at quantitative trait loci (QTL) can be an effective approach for the detailed mapping and characterization of individual loci. Although NILs are useful for genetic and physiological studies, the time and effort required to develop these lines have limited their use. Here we describe a procedure to(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are small cysteine-rich proteins found in various eukaryotes. Plant MTs are classified into four types based on the arrangement of cysteine residues. To determine whether all four types of plant MTs function as metal chelators, six Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) MTs (MT1a, MT2a, MT2b, MT3, MT4a, and MT4b) were expressed in the(More)
Gene families encoding two types of metallothioneins (MTs) MT1 and MT2, have been identified in Arabidopsis thaliana, and their respective mRNAs have been shown to be regulated by copper in a tissue-specific manner (J. Zhou and P.B. Goldsbrough [1994] Plant Cell 6: 875-884; J. Zhou and P.B. Goldsbrough [1995] Mol Gen Genet 248: 318-328; A.S. Murphy and L.(More)
Drought is a serious agronomic problem and the single greatest factor contributing to crop yield loss in the world today. This problem may be alleviated by developing crops that are well adapted to dry-land environments. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is one of the most drought-tolerant grain crops and is an excellent crop model for evaluating(More)