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While modern states may never cease to wage war against one another, they have recognized moral restrictions on how they conduct those wars. These “rules of war” serve several important functions in regulating the organization and behavior of military forces, and shape political debates, negotiations, and public perception. While the world has become(More)
A significant part of current Internet attacks originates from hosts that are distributed all over the Internet. However, there is evidence that most of these hosts are, in fact, concentrated in certain parts of the Internet. This behavior resembles the crime distribution in the real world: it occurs in most places, but it tends to be concentrated in(More)
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MTS.2009.931863 T here is growing concern about and interest in the ethical design and regulation of autonomous lethal robotics [1], [2], [4], [6], [19]. While these concerns are justifi ed, and their implications for the design of autonomous systems important, it is not merely the autonomous nature of lethal robotics that(More)
static concepts). So synthetic brains may not be real brains, but they are real electronic devices. In virtue of this they generate real phenomena which demand their own explanation. That is to say, the machines exhibit real behaviors, even if they are not real brains. There are thus two senses of “demonstration” that can operate in working models. The(More)
The four editors of this special issue met in Sheffield, UK in September 2009, one electronically, after reading each other’s papers and discovering that they shared concerns about military plans to develop armed unmanned systems, in particular autonomous ones. Concerns about peace and international stability exist with all such systems, remotely controlled(More)
This article considers W. Ross Ashby’s ideas on the nature of embodied minds, as articulated in the last five years of his career. In particular, it attempts to connect his ideas to later work by others in robotics, perception and consciousness. While it is difficult to measure his direct influence on this work, the conceptual links are deep. Moreover,(More)