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Much attention has been given to the influences of bioactive factors on mesenchymal progenitor cell differentiation and proliferation, but few studies have examined the effect of mechanical factors on these cells. This study examined the effects of cyclic hydrostatic pressure on human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells undergoing chondrogenic(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) contribute to tissue repair in vivo and form an attractive cell source for tissue engineering. Their regenerative potential is impaired by cellular senescence. The effects of oxidative stress on MSCs are still unknown. Our studies were to investigate into the proliferation potential, cytological features and the telomere linked(More)
The effects of cyclic, mechanical compression on human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells undergoing chondrogenic differentiation were examined in this study. Mesenchymal progenitor cells were injected into cylindrical biodegradable scaffolds (hyaluronan-gelatin composites), cultured in a defined, serum-free chondrogenic medium and subjected(More)
The German Cartilage Registry (KnorpelRegister DGOU) has been introduced in October 2013 and aims on the evaluation of patients who underwent cartilage repair for symptomatic cartilage defects. It represents a nation-wide cohort study which has been introduced by the working group "Tissue Regeneration" of the Germany Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and(More)
Bone marrow (BM) failure associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a feared complication after clinical BM transplantation. Experiments in long-term BM cultures have indicated that BM stromal cells (BMSC) are targets of productive CMV infection, but an in situ infection of BM stroma remained to be documented, and the pathomechanism is open to(More)
BACKGROUND Intraarticular injections of local anesthetics are frequently used as part of multimodal pain regimens. However, recent data suggest that local anesthetics affect chondrocyte viability. In this study, we assessed the chondrotoxic effects of mepivacaine, ropivacaine, and bupivacaine. We hypothesized that specific cytotoxic potencies directly(More)
Tissue engineering is a promising approach for the treatment of tissue defects. Mesenchymal stem cells are of potential use as a source of repair cells or of important growth factors for tissue engineering. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of mesenchymal stem cells in meniscal tissue repair. This was tested using several cell and(More)
Defects of the meniscus greatly alter knee function and predispose the joint to degenerative changes. The purpose of this study was to test a recently developed cell-scaffold combination for the repair of a critical-size defect of the rabbit medial meniscus. A bilateral, complete resection of the pars intermedia of the medial meniscus was performed in 18(More)
Although immune functions are markedly depressed in males and not in proestrous females following trauma-hemorrhage (T-H), the mechanisms responsible for the divergent responses remain unknown. Because sex steroids modulate the activation of p38, our aim was to determine whether differences in the activation of p38 by phosphorylation (p38-P) might(More)
BACKGROUND There is no ideal treatment for end-stage degenerative wrist disorders and subsequent carpal collapse. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether autologous cartilage constructs tissue-engineered from bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells can be effective for carpal bone reconstruction. METHODS Total lunate excision was performed(More)