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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) contribute to tissue repair in vivo and form an attractive cell source for tissue engineering. Their regenerative potential is impaired by cellular senescence. The effects of oxidative stress on MSCs are still unknown. Our studies were to investigate into the proliferation potential, cytological features and the telomere linked(More)
The effects of cyclic, mechanical compression on human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells undergoing chondrogenic differentiation were examined in this study. Mesenchymal progenitor cells were injected into cylindrical biodegradable scaffolds (hyaluronan-gelatin composites), cultured in a defined, serum-free chondrogenic medium and subjected(More)
Much attention has been given to the influences of bioactive factors on mesenchymal progenitor cell differentiation and proliferation, but few studies have examined the effect of mechanical factors on these cells. This study examined the effects of cyclic hydrostatic pressure on human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells undergoing chondrogenic(More)
The German Cartilage Registry (KnorpelRegister DGOU) has been introduced in October 2013 and aims on the evaluation of patients who underwent cartilage repair for symptomatic cartilage defects. It represents a nation-wide cohort study which has been introduced by the working group "Tissue Regeneration" of the Germany Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and(More)
BACKGROUND Intraarticular injections of local anesthetics are frequently used as part of multimodal pain regimens. However, recent data suggest that local anesthetics affect chondrocyte viability. In this study, we assessed the chondrotoxic effects of mepivacaine, ropivacaine, and bupivacaine. We hypothesized that specific cytotoxic potencies directly(More)
BACKGROUND There is no ideal treatment for end-stage degenerative wrist disorders and subsequent carpal collapse. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether autologous cartilage constructs tissue-engineered from bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells can be effective for carpal bone reconstruction. METHODS Total lunate excision was performed(More)
This study examined the effects of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells undergoing chondrogenic differentiation. Aggregates of mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells seeded in three dimensional matrices were cultured in a defined chondrogenic medium and subjected to LIPUS for the first 7 days(More)
Autologous chondrocyte transplantation/implantation (ACT/ACI) is an established and recognised procedure for the treatment of localised full-thickness cartilage defects of the knee. The present review of the working group "Clinical Tissue Regeneration" of the German Society of(More)
Cellular senescence is a program activated during diverse situations of cell stress. Chondrocytes differ from other somatic cells as articular cartilage is an avascular tissue. The effects of oxidative stress on chondrocytes are still unknown. Our studies were to investigate into the proliferation potential, cytological features and the telomere linked(More)
Although immune functions are markedly depressed in males and not in proestrous females following trauma-hemorrhage (T-H), the mechanisms responsible for the divergent responses remain unknown. Because sex steroids modulate the activation of p38, our aim was to determine whether differences in the activation of p38 by phosphorylation (p38-P) might(More)