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AIM To develop and evaluate an algorithm for the automatic screening of electrographic neonatal seizures (ENS) in amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) signals. METHODS CFM recordings were recorded in asphyxiated (near)term newborns. ENS of at least 60 sec were detected based on their characteristic pattern in the aEEG signal, an increase of(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most important causes of brain injury in preterm infants. Preterm HIE is predominantly caused by global hypoxia-ischemia (HI). In contrast, focal ischemia is most common in the adult brain and known to result in cerebral inflammation and activation of the peripheral immune system. These inflammatory(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in preterm infants is a severe disease for which no curative treatment is available. Cerebral inflammation and invasion of activated peripheral immune cells have been shown to play a pivotal role in the etiology of white matter injury, which is the clinical hallmark of HIE in preterm infants. The objective of this study(More)
Our study aimed at automated power spectral analysis of the EEG in preterm infants to identify changes of spectral measures with maturation. Weekly (10-20 montage) 4-h EEG recordings were performed in 18 preterm infants with GA <32 wk and normal neurological follow-up at 2 y, resulting in 79 recordings studied from 27(+4) to 36(+3) wk of postmenstrual age(More)
To aid with prognosis and stratification of clinical treatment for preterm infants, a method for automated detection of bursts, interburst-intervals (IBIs) and continuous patterns in the electroencephalogram (EEG) is developed. Results are evaluated for preterm infants with normal neurological follow-up at 2 years. The detection algorithm (MATLAB®) for(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is common in preterm infants, but currently no curative therapy is available. Cell-based therapy has a great potential in the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic preterm brain injury. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is known to mobilize endogenous hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and promotes proliferation of(More)
Preterm infants are at risk for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. No therapy exists to treat this brain injury and subsequent long-term sequelae. We have previously shown in a well-established pre-clinical model of global hypoxia-ischemia (HI) that mesenchymal stem cells are a promising candidate for the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. In the(More)
BACKGROUND The electroencephalographic (EEG) background pattern of preterm infants changes with postmenstrual age (PMA) from discontinuous activity to continuous activity. However, changes in discontinuity have been investigated by visual analysis only. AIM To investigate the maturational changes in EEG discontinuity in healthy preterm infants using an(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the electroencephalography (EEG) burst frequency spectrum of preterm infants by automated analysis and to describe the topography of maturational change in spectral parameters. METHODS Eighteen preterm infants <32weeks gestation and normal neurological follow-up at 2years underwent weekly 4-h EEG recordings (10-20 system). The(More)
Tracheal agenesis is a rare congenital condition. It usually presents as an unexpected emergency during resuscitation of a newborn in the delivery room. The condition is almost always fatal in the resuscitation phase, but also when the neonate survives the long term prognosis remains poor. We present a case of tracheal agenesis, discuss its presenting(More)