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To examine the baroreceptor reflex function, a beat-to-beat analysis between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and R-R interval fluctuations was studied in 10 stable appropriate-for-gestational age preterm infants (range, 27.2-33.7 wk) in the first postnatal week during quiet sleep. Spectral power analysis, using fast Fourier transform, and transfer functions(More)
AIM To analyze quantitatively multi-channel amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) characteristics and assess regional differences. METHODS We investigated 40 preterm infants (postmenstrual age, PMA: range 27-37 weeks) with normal follow-up at 24 months of age, at a median postnatal age of 8 days using 4-h EEG recordings according to the international 10-20(More)
BACKGROUND The electroencephalographic (EEG) background pattern of preterm infants changes with postmenstrual age (PMA) from discontinuous activity to continuous activity. However, changes in discontinuity have been investigated by visual analysis only. AIM To investigate the maturational changes in EEG discontinuity in healthy preterm infants using an(More)
A customized filtering technique is introduced and compared with fast Fourier transformation (FFT) for analyzing heart rate variability (HRV) in neonates from short-term recordings. FFT is classically the most commonly used spectral technique to investigate cardiovascular fluctuations. FFT requires stability of the physiological signal within a 300 s time(More)
We report maternal lithium therapy during pregnancy associated with serious neonatal morbidity: supraventricular tachycardia, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and multiple haemangiomas in a preterm infant. A 34-year-old primigravida had been treated with lithium for bipolar disturbances for years. Lithium levels remained within the therapeutic range of 0.70(More)
BACKGROUND Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy is a rare cause of seizures in childhood. The diagnosis is made on clinical criteria, that in many cases are never met. Therefore, epidemiological data on pyridoxine dependency are scarce. AIMS To study the epidemiology of pyridoxine dependent epilepsy in the Netherlands, and to determine whether the diagnosis is(More)
Tracheal agenesis is a rare congenital condition. It usually presents as an unexpected emergency during resuscitation of a newborn in the delivery room. The condition is almost always fatal in the resuscitation phase, but also when the neonate survives the long term prognosis remains poor. We present a case of tracheal agenesis, discuss its presenting(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most important causes of brain injury in preterm infants. Preterm HIE is predominantly caused by global hypoxia-ischemia (HI). In contrast, focal ischemia is most common in the adult brain and known to result in cerebral inflammation and activation of the peripheral immune system. These inflammatory(More)
UNLABELLED The amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is a useful tool to assess brain function after perinatal asphyxia in term infants. We report a full-term newborn with moderate perinatal asphyxia, who accidentally received an overdose of morphine (5000 microg/kg). The overdose of morphine resulted in a clear and immediate change of aEEG(More)
We performed a cross-sectional study in human infants to determine if indices of R-R interval variability, systolic blood pressure (SBP) variability, and baroreceptor reflex sensitivity change with postmenstrual age (PMA: gestational age+postnatal age). The electrocardiogram, arterial SBP and respiration were recorded in clinically stable infants (PMA,(More)