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The L1 adhesion molecule is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily shared by neural and immune cells. In the nervous system L1 can mediate cell binding by a homophilic mechanism. To analyze its function on leukocytes we studied whether L1 could interact with integrins. Here we demonstrate that VLA-5, an RGD-specific fibronectin receptor on a wide(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membraneous vesicles released by a variety of cells into their microenvironment. Recent studies have elucidated the role of EVs in intercellular communication, pathogenesis, drug, vaccine and gene-vector delivery, and as possible reservoirs of biomarkers. These findings have generated immense interest, along with an(More)
On neural cells, the cell adhesion molecule L1 is generally found coexpressed with N-CAM. The two molecules have been suggested, but not directly shown, to affect each other's function. To investigate the possible functional relationship between the two molecules, we have characterized the adhesive interactions between the purified molecules and between(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecules L1 and N-CAM have been suggested to interact functionally by formation of a complex between the two molecules (Kadmon, G., A. Kowitz, P. Altevogt, and M. Schachner. 1990. J. Cell Biol. 110:193-208). To determine the molecular mechanisms underlying this functional cooperation, we have studied the contribution of(More)
BACKGROUND Exosomes are small membrane vesicles with a size of 40-100 nm that are released by different cell types from a late endosomal cellular compartment. They can be found in various body fluids including plasma, malignant ascites, urine, amniotic fluid and saliva. Exosomes contain proteins, miRNAs and mRNAs (exosome shuttle RNA, esRNA) that could(More)
The L1 adhesion molecule plays an important role in axon guidance and cell migration in the nervous system. L1 is also expressed by many human carcinomas. In addition to cell surface expression, the L1 ectodomain can be released by a metalloproteinase, but the biological function of this process is unknown. Here we demonstrate that membrane-proximal(More)
L1-CAM (L1 cell-adhesion molecule), or more simply L1, plays an important role in the progression of human carcinoma. Overexpression promotes tumour-cell invasion and motility, growth in nude mice and tumour metastasis. It is feasible that L1-dependent signalling contributes to these effects. However, little is known about its mechanism in tumour cells. We(More)
L1 is a transmembranal homophilic cell adhesion molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed by neural and lymphoid cells. The heat-stable antigen (HSA, murine CD24) nectadrin is a highly and heterogeneously glycosylated glycophosphatidylinositol-linked differentiation antigen of haematopoietic and neural cells. L1 and nectadrin have been shown to(More)
The L1 adhesion molecule is a 200-220-kDa membrane glycoprotein of the Ig superfamily implicated in important neural processes including neuronal cell migration, axon outgrowth, learning, and memory formation. L1 supports homophilic L1-L1 binding that involves several Ig domains but can also bind with high affinity to the proteoglycan neurocan. It has been(More)
A plastic adherent variant line (ESb-M) of a highly invasive and metastatic murine T cell lymphoma (ESb) was found to have lost its metastatic potential while still being tumorigenic in normal syngeneic hosts. The variant retained most of its ESb-derived antigenic and biochemical characteristics but differed at binding sites for certain lectins with(More)