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A plastic adherent variant line (ESb-M) of a highly invasive and metastatic murine T cell lymphoma (ESb) was found to have lost its metastatic potential while still being tumorigenic in normal syngeneic hosts. The variant retained most of its ESb-derived antigenic and biochemical characteristics but differed at binding sites for certain lectins with(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membraneous vesicles released by a variety of cells into their microenvironment. Recent studies have elucidated the role of EVs in intercellular communication, pathogenesis, drug, vaccine and gene-vector delivery, and as possible reservoirs of biomarkers. These findings have generated immense interest, along with an(More)
The L1 adhesion molecule is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily shared by neural and immune cells. In the nervous system L1 can mediate cell binding by a homophilic mechanism. To analyze its function on leukocytes we studied whether L1 could interact with integrins. Here we demonstrate that VLA-5, an RGD-specific fibronectin receptor on a wide(More)
The L1 adhesion molecule is a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily initially identified in the nervous system which contains six Ig-like domains. Besides the known L1-L1 homotypic interaction, L1 was recently shown to bind to very late antigen (VLA)-5 in the mouse and alpha v beta 3 in the human. The sixth Ig domain is critical for this function.(More)
Spontaneous high-metastatic variants (ESb) of the DBA/2 mouse lymphoma L5178Y which show heavy liver involvement were found to form rosettes in vitro with isolated autologous hepatocytes, whilst low-metastatic sublines of the same tumor (Eb) did not. An analysis of the molecules involved in the hepatocyte:tumor cell interaction was performed by affinity(More)
We have analyzed cell surface-bound carbohydrates in two different model systems for metastasis composed of closely related tumor cell lines with differing metastatic potential. The first system studied was that of the DBA/2-derived T-lymphoma lines (Eb/ESb) and some recently established sublines of ESb with altered metastatic behavior (ESb-M and ESb-MR).(More)
Ectodomain shedding is a proteolytic mechanism by which transmembrane molecules are converted into a soluble form. Cleavage is mediated by metalloproteases and proceeds in a constitutive or inducible fashion. Although believed to be a cell-surface event, there is increasing evidence that cleavage can take place in intracellular compartments. However, it is(More)
Heat-stable antigen (HSA)/CD24 is a cell surface molecule expressed by many cell types in the mouse. The molecule has an unusual structure because of its small protein core and extensive glycosylation. In order to study the functional role of the HSA-associated glycoconjugates we have isolated different forms of HSA. Using lectin analysis we provide(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Emerging evidence suggests that highly treatment-resistant tumour-initiating cells (TICs) play a central role in the pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer. Tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is considered to be a novel anticancer agent; however, recent studies have shown that many pancreatic cancer cells are(More)
BACKGROUND Endometriosis is a benign and progressive disease with a high prevalence. Women with endometriosis, especially with atypical endometriosis, have a higher probability for developing ovarian cancer compared with women without endometriosis. The L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) is over expressed in ovarian and endometrial carcinomas and is(More)