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Radiotherapy is one of the most successful cancer therapies. Here the effect of irradiation on antigen presentation by MHC class I molecules was studied. Cell surface expression of MHC class I molecules was increased for many days in a radiation dose-dependent manner as a consequence of three responses. Initially, enhanced degradation of existing proteins(More)
Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is an important staple food. However, wheat gluten proteins cause celiac disease (CD) in 0.5 to 1% of the general population. Among these proteins, the α-gliadins contain several peptides that are associated to the disease. We obtained 230 distinct α-gliadin gene sequences from severaldiploid wheat species representing the(More)
In the absence of treatment, most HIV-1-infected humans develop AIDS. However, a minority are long-term nonprogressors, and resistance is associated with the presence of particular HLA-B*27/B*57 molecules. In contrast, most HIV-1-infected chimpanzees do not contract AIDS. In comparison with humans, chimpanzees experienced an ancient selective sweep(More)
Antigenic peptides generated by the proteasome have to survive a peptidase-containing environment for presentation by MHC class I molecules. We have visualized the fate and dynamics of intracellular peptides in living cells. We show that peptides are distributed over two different but interconnected compartments, the cytoplasm and the nucleus, and diffuse(More)
Antibacterial proteins are components of the innate immune system found in many organisms and produced by a variety of cell types. Human blood platelets contain a number of antibacterial proteins in their alpha-granules that are released upon thrombin activation. The present study was designed to purify these proteins obtained from human platelets and to(More)
We report the efficient identification of four human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A(*)0201-presented cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes in the tumor-associated antigen PRAME using an improved "reverse immunology" strategy. Next to motif-based HLA-A(*)0201 binding prediction and actual binding and stability assays, analysis of in vitro(More)
E(rns) is a pestivirus envelope glycoprotein and is the only known viral surface protein with RNase activity. E(rns) is a disulfide-linked homodimer of 100 kDa; it is found on the surface of pestivirus-infected cells and is secreted into the medium. In this study, the disulfide arrangement of the nine cysteines present in the mature dimer was established by(More)
The neuroendocrine cerebral caudodorsal cells of Lymnaea stagnalis initiate and coordinate ovulation and egg mass production and associated behaviors through the release of a complex set of peptides that are derived from the caudodorsal cell hormone-I (CDCH-I) precursor. We have previously characterized the CDCH-I peptide. In the present study, we isolated(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are pivotal for regulation of hematopoiesis but their critical targets remain largely unknown. Here, we show that ectopic expression of miR-17, -20,-93 and -106, all AAAGUGC seed-containing miRNAs, increases proliferation, colony outgrowth and replating capacity of myeloid progenitors and results in enhanced P-ERK levels. We found that(More)
We used a strategy combining immunodetection, peptide chemistry, and a novel method, direct peptide fingerprinting of neurons and small pieces of nerve by using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, to structurally identify and localize the neuropeptide myomodulin-A in the mollusc, Lymnaea stagnalis. Lymnaea myomodulin appeared to(More)