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BACKGROUND The rate of progression to AIDS varies among individuals infected with HIV-1. Factors responsible include two inherited human alleles, CCR5 delta32 and CCR2-641, which alter the protein-coding regions for the HIV-1 coreceptors/chemokine receptors CCR5 and CCR2b. We tested the hypothesis that polymorphisms of the CCR5 promoter might affect the(More)
AIMS To determine the prevalence of the novel CYP2B6 functional polymorphism 983T>C in Papua New Guinea where HIV/AIDS poses a significant health problem. METHOD We genotyped Papua New Guineans (PNG, n = 174), West Africans (WA, n = 170), and North Americans (NA, n = 361). RESULTS The polymorphism was absent in PNG, while its overall frequency was 4.7%(More)
AIM Hepatic enzymes, CYP2B6 and UGT2B7 play a major role in the metabolism of the widely used antiretroviral drugs efavirenz, nevirapine and zidovudine. In the present study, we provide a view of UGT2B7 haplotype structure, and quantify the genetic diversity and differentiation at both CYP2B6 and UGT2B7 genes on a worldwide scale. MATERIALS & METHODS We(More)
In order to understand the forces governing the evolution of the genetic diversity in the HLA-DP molecule, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods were used to characterize genetic variation at the DPA1 and DPB1 loci encoding this heterodimer on 2,807 chromosomes from 15 different populations including individuals of African, Asian, Amerindian, Indian(More)
The non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor efavirenz (EFV) is directly conjugated by the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) pathway to form EFV-N-glucuronide (EFV-G), but the enzyme(s) involved has not yet been identified. The glucuronidation of EFV was screened with UGT1A and UGT2B enzymes expressed in a heterologous system, and UGT2B7 was shown to(More)
The mechanistic basis for chloroquine resistance (CQR) in Plasmodium falciparum recently has been linked to the polymorphic gene pfcrt. Alleles associated with CQR in natural parasite isolates harbor threonine (T), as opposed to lysine (K) at amino acid 76. P. falciparum CQR strains of African and Southeast Asian origin carry pfcrt alleles encoding an amino(More)
Individuals residing in malaria-endemic regions acquire protective immunity after repeated infection with malaria parasites; however, mechanisms of protective immunity and their immune correlates are poorly understood. Blood-stage infection with Plasmodium vivax depends completely on interaction of P. vivax Duffy-binding protein (PvDBP) with the Duffy(More)
Microsatellite markers derived from simple sequence repeats have been useful in studying a number of human pathogens, including the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Genetic markers for P. vivax would likewise help elucidate the genetics and population characteristics of this other important human malaria parasite. We have identified a locus in(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether polymorphism in the RANTES gene is associated with HIV disease outcome. DESIGN RANTES, a ligand of the major HIV co-receptor, CCR5, is known to block HIV-CCR5 interactions. Recently, two single nucleotide polymorphisms in the RANTES gene promoter region, designated -403G/A and -28C/G, have been described. Both polymorphisms(More)
Geographic overlap between malaria and the occurrence of mutant hemoglobin and erythrocyte surface proteins has indicated that polymorphisms in human genes have been selected by severe malaria. Deletion of exon 3 in the glycophorin C gene (called GYPCDeltaex3 here) has been found in Melanesians; this alteration changes the serologic phenotype of the Gerbich(More)