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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In multiple sclerosis (MS), autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) induces a profound suppression of clinical activity and MR imaging-detectable inflammation, but it may be associated with a rapid brain volume loss in the months subsequent to treatment. The aim of this study was to assess how AHSCT affects(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic neurotoxicity is a recognized long-term complication following chemotherapy in a range of diseases. Neurotoxicity adversely affects patients' quality of life. The objective of this study is to examine whether there is evidence of acute neurotoxicity. METHODS This prospective study included patients with secondary progressive multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Certain stem cell transplantation procedures might slow down inflammatory pathology in multiple sclerosis (MS). AIMS To halt disease progression in aggressive MS by a bone marrow transplantation (BMT) protocol aimed at maximum T cell suppression. METHODS Autologous BMT was performed in 14 patients with rapid secondary progressive MS (median(More)
BACKGROUND Given the presumed key role for autoreactive lymphocytes in multiple sclerosis (MS), treatment strategies have been developed to ablate lymphocyte activity. Intrathecal lymphocyte activation can be measured by CSF-soluble(s)CD27. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of maximum whole-body immune ablation on two different markers that detect(More)
Pathogen reduction (PR) of platelet products increases costs and available clinical studies are equivocal with respect to clinical and haemostatic effectiveness. We conducted a multicentre, open-label, randomized, non-inferiority trial comparing the clinical effectiveness of buffy-coat derived leukoreduced platelet concentrates (PC) stored for up to 7 d in(More)
High-dose i.v. Ig (IVIg) is a prominent immunomodulatory therapy for various autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Recent mice studies suggest that IVIg inhibits myeloid cell function by inducing a cascade of IL-33-Th2 cytokine production causing upregulation of the inhibitory FcγRIIb, as well as by modulating IFN-γ signaling. The purpose of our study was(More)
This study describes the single center experience and long-term results of ABOi kidney transplantation using a pretransplantation protocol involving immunoadsorption combined with rituximab, intravenous immunoglobulins, and triple immune suppression. Fifty patients received an ABOi kidney transplant in the period from 2006 to 2012 with a follow-up of at(More)
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) to treat autoimmune diseases (AID) is thought to reset immunological memory directed against autoantigens. This hypothesis can only be studied indirectly because the exact nature of the pathogenetic autoantigens is unknown in most AID. Therefore, 19 children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or systemic(More)
<title/> Adult patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia requiring first-line treatment typically receive corticosteroids, which are associated with low response rates and many potential side effects. In a retrospective analysis of two 6-month, placebo-controlled, phase III trials, corticosteroid use decreased from 30 to 26% among patients treated with(More)
Thrombotic complications without evidence of hemolysis in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: is eculizumab indicated? Dear Editor, We would like to discuss the treatment of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) by presenting the fatal outcome of one of our patients with this disease. A 30-year-old Caucasian man with a history of auto-immune hepatitis(More)