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Over the last decade, hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT) has been increasingly used in the treatment of severe progressive autoimmune diseases. We report a retrospective survey of 183 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, recorded in the database of the European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Group (EBMT). Transplant data were available from 178(More)
PURPOSE Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptoms are troublesome to patients, and alleviation of this burden represents a paramount treatment objective in the development of MPN-directed therapies. We aimed to assess the utility of an abbreviated symptom score for the most pertinent and representative MPN symptoms for subsequent serial use in assessing(More)
BACKGROUND Certain stem cell transplantation procedures might slow down inflammatory pathology in multiple sclerosis (MS). AIMS To halt disease progression in aggressive MS by a bone marrow transplantation (BMT) protocol aimed at maximum T cell suppression. METHODS Autologous BMT was performed in 14 patients with rapid secondary progressive MS (median(More)
The expression of the MDR-1-encoded P-170 glycoprotein (P-170) associated with clinical multidrug resistance (MDR) was investigated in 52 consecutive patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). P-170 expression was analyzed in correlation with CD34 expression and clinical response. Thirty of 52 patients expressed P-170 (58%). Eight of 30 P-170+ as(More)
This phase 3, randomized, double-blind study assessed the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide in 205 red blood cell (RBC) transfusion-dependent patients with International Prognostic Scoring System Low-/Intermediate-1-risk del5q31 myelodysplastic syndromes. Patients received lenalidomide 10 mg/day on days 1-21 (n = 69) or 5 mg/day on days 1-28 (n = 69) of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In multiple sclerosis (MS), autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) induces a profound suppression of clinical activity and MR imaging-detectable inflammation, but it may be associated with a rapid brain volume loss in the months subsequent to treatment. The aim of this study was to assess how AHSCT affects(More)
High spontaneous proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in vitro is an unfavorable, tumor-specific prognostic factor. We investigated the frequency of drug-resistant tumor cells with high proliferating capacity in de novo AML and analyzed the expression of multiple resistance parameters in relation to the response to chemotherapy and overall(More)
The MTT assay, a colorimetric assay, is found to be suitable for chemosensitivity testing. Recently, it has been suggested that hematopoietic growth factors (HGF) may enhance the effects of cytostatic drugs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We therefore studied the effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), interleukin 3 (IL-3), and(More)
Extensive immunologic marker analysis was performed to characterize the various leukemic cell populations in eight patients with inv(16)(p13q22) in association with acute myeloid leukemia with abnormal bone marrow eosinophilia (AML-M4Eo). The eight AML cases consisted of heterogeneous cell populations; mainly due to the presence of multiple subpopulations,(More)
Stimulation of clonogenic acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells by hematopoietic growth factors (HGF) is capable of enhancing cytosine-arabinoside (Ara-C) cytotoxicity in vitro. Until now it has not been known to what extent in vitro Ara-C cytotoxicity can be restored by HGF stimulation in samples from previously treated AML patients. Therefore, we studied the(More)