Peter A. Rittenhouse

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Endocrine responses to the serotonin (5-HT) 5-HT1C/5-HT2 agonist (+/-)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) were utilised to evaluate cocaine-induced alterations in postsynaptic 5-HT receptor function. Rats received cocaine HCl (0, 5 or 15 mg/kg i.p.) twice daily for 7 days. Effects of DOI (0, 0.5, 2 or 10 mg/kg i.p.) on plasma(More)
The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat may be a useful model for the study of depressive behavior because they exhibit exaggerated responses to a number of stressors. These studies compared the behavioral and endocrine responses to swimming stress in WKY rats with Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. In the first experiment, the onset of behavioral immobility and the endocrine(More)
The contribution of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) to the expression of stress-induced increases in ACTH/corticosterone, prolactin and renin secretion was assessed. Neurons in the lateral part of the BST were destroyed with bilateral injections of the cell-selective neurotoxin ibotenic acid (1.5 micrograms in 0.1 microliter of solution per(More)
Ipsapirone is an anxiolytic drug and a serotonin1A (5-HT1A) agonist. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of low doses of ipsapirone on the hormonal and behavioral response to three stress procedures: immobilization, forced swim and conditioned emotional response (CER). We examined the effect of ipsapirone (0.1, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg) on(More)
Cocaine-induced enhancement of motor activity and extracellular dopamine concentrations exhibits sensitization upon repeated exposure. In this study, the neuroendocrine responses to cocaine were examined following cocaine pretreatment regimens which have been shown to produce behavioral sensitization. Adult male rats were injected with cocaine (15 mg/kg,(More)
Previous studies have determined that chronic cocaine exposure inhibits the serotonergic stimulation of hormone secretion. The present experiments were conducted to determine whether the endocrine responses to stress could be a useful approach to assess the influence of cocaine exposure on neuronal function. Male rats received twice daily injections of(More)
The aim of the present study was to resolve which hypothalamic nucleus is necessary for the serotonergic control of renin secretion. RU 24969 is considered a serotonin (5-HT1A/5-HT1B) agonist, while p-chloroamphetamine is a 5-HT releaser. Both drugs reliably elevate plasma levels of renin when injected peripherally. Previous studies suggest that(More)
Administration of streptococcal cell wall (SCW) preparation induces an inflammatory response in susceptible animals that is a model frequently used for rheumatoid arthritis. The degree of inflammation produced by SCW is greatly enhanced by low endogenous levels of glucocorticoids due to diminished hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity. Because decreased(More)
The purpose of the present studies was to determine whether cells in the hypothalamic paraventricular (PVN) or supraoptic (SON) nuclei mediate the serotonergic stimulation of oxytocin secretion. The serotonergic stimulus consisted of injection of the 5-HT-releasing drug p-chloroamphetamine (8 mg/kg, IP). The validity of this approach was verified by(More)
Various endocrine responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin, 5-HT) agonists were used to assess serotonergic receptor function after chronic treatment with the antidepressants fluoxetine (10 mg/kg), a 5-HT uptake blocker and the norepinephrine uptake blocker desipramine (DMI, 5 mg/kg). Both were injected (i.p.) once a day for 21 days. DOI (5-HT1C/2(More)