Peter A. Revill

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 We have analysed the sequence variability in the putative reverse transcriptase (RT)/ribonuclease H (RNaseH) and the C-terminal coat protein (CP)-coding regions from Taro bacilliform virus (TaBV) isolates collected throughout the Pacific Islands. When the RT/RNaseH-coding region of 22 TaBV isolates from Fiji, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Papua New(More)
The potyvirus Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) is found throughout the tropics and subtropics. Its P biotype is a devastating pathogen of papaya crops and its W biotype of cucurbits. PRSV-P is thought to arise by mutation from PRSV-W. However, the relative impact of mutation and movement on the structure of PRSV populations is not well characterized. To(More)
Two pairs of degenerate primers were designed from sequences within the potyviral CI (CIFor/CIRev) and HC-Pro-coding regions (HPFo/HPRev), and these were shown to be highly specific to members of the genus Potyvirus. Using the CIFor and CIRev primers, three novel potyviruses infecting crop and weed species from Vietnam were detected, namely telosma mosaic(More)
Fifty-two virus isolates from 13 distinct potyvirus species infecting crops in Vietnam were identified and the 3′ region of each genome was sequenced. The viruses were: bean common mosaic virus (BCMV), potato virus Y (PVY), sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), sorghum mosaic virus (SrMV), chilli veinal mottle virus (ChiVMV), zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV),(More)
Sixteen viruses, belonging to 16 species of begomovirus, that infect crops and weeds in Vietnam were identified. Sequence analysis of the complete genomes showed that nine of the viruses (six monopartite and three bipartite) belong to novel species and five of them were identified in Vietnam for the first time. Additionally, eight DNA-beta and three(More)
Sequencing of the monopartite RNA genome of a Fijian isolate of Taro vein chlorosis virus (TaVCV) confirmed that it is a definitive rhabdovirus with most similarity to members of the genus Nucleorhabdovirus. The TaVCV 12 020 nt negative-sense RNA genome contained six ORFs in the antigenomic sequence, equivalent to the N, P, 3, M, G and L genes that have(More)
A bipartite begomovirus infecting Jute mallow (Corchorus capsularis, Tilliaceae) in Vietnam was identified using novel degenerate PCR primers. Analysis of this virus, which was named Corchorus yellow vein virus (CoYVV), showed that it was more similar to New World begomoviruses than to viruses from the Old World. This was based on the absence of an AV2 open(More)
Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) greatly increases the risk for liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV isolates worldwide can be divided into ten genotypes. Moreover, the immune clearance phase selects for mutations in different parts of the viral genome. The outcome of HBV infection is shaped by the complex interplay of the(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a key component of the innate immune system and TLR2 has been shown to be involved in the immunopathogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in vivo. We investigated the role of TLR2 stimulation of virus-infected hepatocyte cell lines as a potential antiviral mechanism in vitro. METHODS The hepatoblastoma(More)
Although chronic HBV infection is the leading cause of chronic liver disease and death worldwide, there are substantial differences in its clinical courses regarding prevalence, mode of transmission, characteristics of each phase, responses to antiviral therapy, and development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, according to geographical areas (Asia(More)