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An MR-compatible ergometer was developed for in-magnet whole-body human exercise testing. Designed on the basis of conventional mechanically braked bicycle ergometers and constructed from nonferrous materials, the ergometer was implemented on a 1.5-T whole-body MR scanner. A spectrometer interface was constructed using standard scanner hardware,(More)
Bone is a composite material in which collagen fibrils form a scaffold for a highly organized arrangement of uniaxially oriented apatite crystals. In the periodic 67 nm cross-striated pattern of the collagen fibril, the less dense 40-nm-long gap zone has been implicated as the place where apatite crystals nucleate from an amorphous phase, and subsequently(More)
In this work we aimed to study the possibility of using supervised classifiers to quantify the main components of carotid atherosclerotic plaque in vivo on the basis of multisequence MRI data. MRI data consisting of five MR weightings were obtained from 25 symptomatic subjects. Histological micrographs of endarterectomy specimens from the 25 carotids were(More)
The process of bone remodeling is carried out by 'basic multicellular units' of osteoclasts and osteoblasts. Osteoclasts excavate a resorption space that is subsequently filled with new bone by osteoblasts. In cortical bone osteoclasts dig tunnels through solid bone, in cancellous bone they dig trenches across the trabecular surface. Osteoblasts fill these(More)
Osteon diameter is generally smaller in bone regions that experience larger strains. A mechanism relating osteon diameter to strain is as yet unknown. We propose that strain-induced osteocyte signals inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption. This mechanism was previously shown to produce load-aligned osteons in computer simulations. Now we find that it also(More)
The transduction function for ADP stimulation of mitochondrial ATP synthesis in skeletal muscle was reconstructed in vivo and in silico to investigate the magnitude and origin of mitochondrial sensitivity to cytoplasmic ADP concentration changes. Dynamic in vivo measurements of human leg muscle phosphocreatine (PCr) content during metabolic recovery from(More)
Lipid bilayer membranes are known to form various structures such as large sheets or vesicles. When the two leaflets of the bilayer have an equal composition, the membrane preferentially forms a flat sheet or a spherical vesicle. However, a difference in the composition of the two leaflets may result in a curved bilayer or in a wide variety of vesicle(More)
The longstanding problem of rapid inactivation of the glycolytic pathway in skeletal muscle after contraction was investigated using (31)P NMR spectroscopy and computational modelling. Accumulation of phosphorylated glycolytic intermediates (hexose monophosphates) during cyclic contraction and subsequent turnover during metabolic recovery was measured in(More)
MOTIVATION To further our understanding of the mechanisms underlying biochemical pathways mathematical modelling is used. Since many parameter values are unknown they need to be estimated using experimental observations. The complexity of models necessary to describe biological pathways in combination with the limited amount of quantitative data results in(More)