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Political economists have always been interested in the differences in economic and political institutions that occur across countries. Some regard these differences as deviations from 'best practice' that will dissolve as nations catch up to a technological or organizational leader. Others see them as the distillation of more durable historical choices for(More)
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a 36 kD nuclear protein associated with the cell cycle. A monoclonal antibody, PC10, that recognizes a fixation and processing resistant epitope has been used to investigate its tissue distribution. Nuclear PCNA immunoreactivity is found in the proliferative compartment of normal tissues. PCNA immunoreactivity is(More)
Abnormalities of the p53 tumour suppressor gene are among the most frequent molecular events in human and animal neoplasia. Moreover, p53 is one of the most studied proteins in the whole of contemporary biology, with more than 12,500 papers so far written! In this review the choice has been deliberately made not to be fully comprehensive in the coverage of(More)
We have investigated the use of a novel technique, in situ end-labelling, as a means of the specific identification of apoptotic cells in formalin-fixed, paraffin-processed tissue sections. The technique relies on the presence of DNA strand breaks in apoptotic cells, caused by activation of endogenous nuclease activity during the process of cell death.(More)
The septins are an evolutionarily conserved family of GTP-binding proteins involved in diverse processes including vesicle trafficking, apoptosis, remodelling of the cytoskeleton, infection, neurodegeneration, and neoplasia. The present paper reports a comprehensive study of septin gene expression by DNA microarray methods in 10 360 samples of normal,(More)
1 How do national variations in the institutions of the political economy affect economic performance? This question has been central to comparative political economy for many years. However, most answers to it focus on institutions in a single sphere of the political economy. In economics, there are large but separate literatures on labor and financial(More)
PCNA is a nuclear protein that is synthesized in late G1 and S phases of the cell cycle and is, therefore, correlated with the cell proliferative state. A new monoclonal antibody (PC10) to genetically engineered PCNA has been shown to label proliferating cells in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded normal human tissues. Previous studies in lymphomas, using(More)
The pS2 gene encodes for a small cysteine-rich protein, and was originally found by differential screening of a cDNA library from the human breast carcinoma cell line, MCF-7. The presence of pS2 is closely correlated with oestrogen dependence in breast carcinomas. While the function of pS2 is unknown, pS2 protein has been shown to be homologous with the(More)