Peter A. Gross

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BACKGROUND Hyponatremia (serum sodium concentration, <135 mmol per liter) is a predictor of death among patients with chronic heart failure and cirrhosis. At present, therapy for acute and chronic hyponatremia is often ineffective and poorly tolerated. We investigated whether tolvaptan, an orally active vasopressin V(2)-receptor antagonist that promotes(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this quality standard are 1) to provide an implementation mechanism that will facilitate the reliable administration of prophylactic antimicrobial agents to patients undergoing operative procedures in which such a practice is judged to be beneficial and 2) to provide a guideline that will help local hospital committees formulate(More)
PURPOSE PV701, a replication-competent strain of Newcastle disease virus, causes regression of tumor xenografts after intravenous administration. This phase I study was designed to define the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and safety of single and multiple intravenous doses of PV701 as a single agent in patients with cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Quality problems in medical care are not a new finding. Variations in medical practice as well as actual medical errors have been pointed out for many decades. The current movement to write practice guidelines to attempt to correct these deviations from recommended medical practice has not solved the problem. OBJECTIVE In order to gain greater(More)
Urinary exosomes containing apical membrane and intracellular fluid are normally secreted into the urine from all nephron segments, and may carry protein markers of renal dysfunction and structural injury. We studied methods for collection, storage, and preservation of urinary exosomal proteins. We collected urine from healthy volunteers, added protease(More)
Anatomical and behavioural work on primates has shown bilateral innervation of axial and proximal limb muscles, and contralateral control of distal limb muscles. The following study examined if a clear boundary exists between the distal and proximal upper limb muscles that are controlled contralaterally or bilaterally. The right motor cortical area(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), derived from bone marrow, contribute to vessel repair and neovascularization. Because uremia is a state of endothelial dysfunction associated with high cardiovascular mortality, as well as a state of reduced hematopoiesis, we studied the number and function of EPCs in patients on long-term hemodialysis (HD)(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the protective efficacy of influenza vaccine in elderly persons. DATA SOURCES A MEDLINE search was done using the index terms influenza vaccine, vaccine efficacy, elderly, mortality, hospitalized, and pneumonia. Appropriate references in the initially selected articles were also reviewed. STUDY SELECTION Only cohort observational(More)