Peter A Groneck

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OBJECTIVE Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of preterm neonates is associated with an increased recruitment of inflammatory cells into the airways. To evaluate further the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of BPD, tracheobronchial aspirate fluid of neonates with birth weight < 1200 g (n = 59) was sequentially analyzed in a prospective study. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Surfactant is usually given to mechanically ventilated preterm infants via an endotracheal tube to treat respiratory distress syndrome. We tested a new method of surfactant application to spontaneously breathing preterm infants to avoid mechanical ventilation. METHOD In a parallel-group, randomised controlled trial, 220 preterm infants with a(More)
The expression of specific growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is of importance during brain development and in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. VEGF and TGF-beta1 was studied in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of neonates with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHHC)(More)
Objective. To determine whether bovine surfactant given in cases of severe pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) improves oxygenation. Design. Single-center study with 19 patients, followed by a multicenter randomized comparison of surfactant with a standardized treatment algorithm. Primary endpoint PaO2/FIO2 at 48 h, secondary endpoints:(More)
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a heterogeneous disorder of genetic or acquired etiologies. In some cases congenital PAP is associated with hereditary surfactant protein (SP)-B deficiency. To date, the molecular defect in the majority of patients with PAP has not been identified. In mice, PAP has been generated by targeted deletion of the genes for(More)
IMPORTANCE Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) preserves surfactant and keeps the lung open but is insufficient in severe surfactant deficiency. Traditional surfactant administration is related to short periods of positive pressure ventilation and implies the risk of lung injury.(More)
AIM Providing less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) to spontaneously breathing preterm infants has been reported to reduce mechanical ventilation and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in randomised controlled trials. This large cohort study compared these outcome measures between LISA-treated infants and controls. METHODS Infants receiving LISA,(More)
To evaluate the effects of dexamethasone on pulmonary inflammation and permeability in preterm infants at high risk for chronic lung disease (birth weight < 1200 gm), we assessed tracheobronchial aspirate fluid for chemotactic activity and concentrations of mediators of inflammation. In a prospective study, 21 infants still undergoing mechanical ventilation(More)
The inflammatory indicators in the tracheobronchial aspirate (TA) of 81 ventilated preterm infants with microbial colonisation of the airways and in non-colonised neonates were analysed on the first day of life. TA was assessed for chemotactic activity, neutrophil cell count, and concentrations of leukotriene B4, C5a, interleukin-1, interleukin-8,(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate in a prospective study whether histological chorioamnionitis (ChA) is a risk factor predisposing for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and whether ICH is associated with a systemic fetal inflammation in preterm neonates with a gestational age <32 weeks. 106 neonates were studied; 20 (18.9%) suffered from ICH. ChA(More)