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Supplemental O2 reduces cardiac output and raises systemic vascular resistance in congestive heart failure. In this study, 100% O2 was given to normal subjects and peak forearm flow was measured. In experiment 1, 100% O2 reduced blood flow and increased resistance after 10 min of forearm ischemia (flow 56.7 +/- 7.9 vs. 47.8 +/- 6.7 ml.min-1.100 ml-1; P <(More)
Abdominal migraine is a common childhood migraine equivalent, for which diagnostic criteria have not been defined. As in other children with migraine equivalents this leads to difficulties in diagnosis and determination of prevalence. By recording the fast wave activity (beta rhythmn) in the visual evoked response (VER) to red and white flash, the pattern(More)
We measured the range of equatorial horizontal widths (EHW) in axially myopic eyes and identified the sites of staphyloma using B scan echography. One hundred eyes in 50 patients were studied. The axial lengths (ALs) were sorted into five groups of increasing severity of myopia. The group mean AL, group mean EHW and the ratio of EHW/AL was calculated for(More)
This study initiated by a self-help migraine group investigated disability caused by visual environmental stimuli, e.g. glare, flicker, pattern and color. One thousand forty-four women with migraine completed the self-report questionnaire on visual environmental stimuli reported in earlier studies to precipitate or aggravate migraine. One hundred twenty-one(More)
The incidence of the life time history of both maternal migraine and depression were assessed in children with headache, migraine, recurrent abdominal pain and abdominal migraine. An epidemiological survey of 1,104 children registered with a general practice was undertaken. The incidence of maternal migraine and depression agreed with previous estimates.(More)
Thirty-four patients with accelerated hypertension were clinically examined. The visual evoked potential (VEP) and electroretinogram (ERG) were recorded: acutely in 12 patients, being repeated in 7 patients up to 6 months later. In the remaining 22 patients these tests were performed 2-4 years after presentation. Visual acuity was < or = 6/12 in 22 of 68(More)
Flash and pattern visual evoked potentials were recorded in 8 patients (13 eyes) with dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON), diagnosed using the American Thyroid Association classification. All were treated with systemic steroids, but 4 patients (6 eyes) also required orbital decompression. Flash VEP (P2) and pattern VEP (P100) were recorded prior to and 2(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association of retinal disease and the syndrome of maternally inherited diabetes and deafness caused by an A to G mutation in the tRNA leucine gene at base pair 3243 (A3243G) of the mitochondrial genome. DESIGN Observational study of a genetically defined subject group. PARTICIPANTS Thirteen subjects with the mitochondrial DNA(More)
The diagnosis of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XL-RP) relies on the identification of the female carriers, in whom fundal abnormalities are often minimal and variable. The electroretinogram (ERG) has been reported as abnormal in 54-96% of heterozygote females. This study examines the combined use of electro-oculogram (EOG) and standardised ERG in 31(More)
Wolfram syndrome is the association of diabetes mellitus and optic atrophy, also called DIDMOAD (diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and deafness). Incomplete characterisation has caused diagnostic confusion; we therefore undertook a nation-wide cross-sectional case finding study. We identified 45 patients with Wolfram syndrome, median age(More)