Peter A. Forsyth

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in several diseases of the nervous system. Here we review the evidence that supports this idea and discuss the possible mechanisms of MMP action. We then consider some of the beneficial functions of MMPs during neural development and speculate on their roles in repair after brain injury. We also(More)
Many nonlinear option pricing problems can be formulated as optimal control problems, leading to Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) or Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman-Isaacs (HJBI) equations. We show that such formulations are very convenient for developing monotone discretization methods which ensure convergence to the financially relevant solution, which in this case(More)
The fair price for an American option where the underlying asset follows a jump diffusion process can be formulated as a partial integral differential linear complementarity problem. We develop an implicit discretization method for pricing such American options. The jump diffusion correlation integral term is computed using an iterative method coupled with(More)
The convergence of a penalty method for solving the discrete regularized American option valuation problem is studied. Sufficient conditions are derived which both guarantee convergence of the nonlinear penalty iteration and ensure that the iterates converge monotonically to the solution. These conditions also ensure that the solution of the penalty problem(More)
A partial diierential equation method based on using auxiliary variables is described for pricing discretely monitored Asian options with or without barrier features. The barrier provisions can be applied to either the underlying asset or to the average. They may also be of either instantaneous or delayed eeect (i.e. Parisian style). Numerical examples(More)
The pricing equations derived from uncertain volatility models in finance are often cast in the form of nonlinear partial differential equations. Implicit timestepping leads to a set of nonlinear algebraic equations which must be solved at each timestep. To solve these equations, an iterative approach is employed. In this paper, we prove the convergence of(More)
In order to ensure convergence to the viscosity solution, the standard method for discretizing HJB PDEs uses forward/backward differencing for the drift term. In this paper, we devise a monotone method which uses central weighting as much as possible. In order to solve the discretized algebraic equations, we have to maximize a possibly discontinuous(More)
The valuation of a gas storage facility is characterized as a stochastic control problem, resulting in a Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation. In this paper, we present a semi-Lagrangian method for solving the HJB equation for a typical gas storage valuation problem. The method is able to handle a wide class of spot price models that exhibit(More)
In this paper, we outline an impulse stochastic control formulation for pricing variable annuities with a Guaranteed Minimum Withdrawal Benefit (GMWB) assuming the policyholder is allowed to withdraw funds continuously. We develop a single numerical scheme for solving the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) variational inequality corresponding to the impulse(More)