Peter A. Cerutti

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There is convincing evidence that cellular prooxidant states--that is, increased concentrations of active oxygen and organic peroxides and radicals--can promote initiated cells to neoplastic growth. Prooxidant states can be caused by different classes of agents, including hyperbaric oxygen, radiation, xenobiotic metabolites and Fenton-type reagents,(More)
BACKGROUND The inducible, higher eukaryotic transcription factor NF-kappa B is activated by a variety of stimuli. Several lines of evidence have suggested that reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) serve as messengers for most if not all of these stimuli. To identify the relevant ROI species and to gain more direct evidence for an involvement of ROIs as(More)
It has been suggested that oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Hyperglycemia may cause increased production of free radicals, and evidence supports a prominent role for these reactive molecules as mediators of endothelial cell dysfunction in diabetes. It has been demonstrated that active oxygen species(More)
Fifty-eight percent of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) from Qidong, China, contain an AGG to AGT mutation at codon 249 of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, a mutation that is rarely seen in HCCs from Western countries. The population of Qidong is exposed to high levels of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a fungal toxin that has been shown to induce the same mutation in(More)
The human hereditary disease Acatalasia (AC) is characterized by low or no catalase activity in all body tissues. We have studied the molecular basis of AC. In order to assess their antioxidant defense status we measured the enzyme activities, protein levels and m-RNA concentrations of catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in fibroblasts(More)
Spontaneously immortalized human skin keratinocytes (HaCaT) were transfected with the c-Ha-ras (EJ) oncogene via a plasmid construct which also contained the selectable neomycin gene. Clones were selected on the basis of G418 resistance. Those clones that had stable integrants of Ha-ras fell into 3 classes with respect to tumorigenicity. Class I clones were(More)
Oxidants are toxic, but at low doses they can stimulate rather than inhibit the growth of mammalian cells and play a role in the etiology of cancer and fibrosis. The effect of oxidants on cells is modulated by multiple interacting antioxidant defense systems. We have studied the individual roles and the interaction of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) and(More)
Oxidant carcinogens interact with multiple cellular targets including membranes, proteins, and nucleic acids. They cause structural damage to DNA and have the potential to mutate cancer-related genes. At the same time, oxidants activate signal transduction pathways and alter the expression of growth- and differentiation-related genes. Indeed, the(More)