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There is convincing evidence that cellular prooxidant states--that is, increased concentrations of active oxygen and organic peroxides and radicals--can promote initiated cells to neoplastic growth. Prooxidant states can be caused by different classes of agents, including hyperbaric oxygen, radiation, xenobiotic metabolites and Fenton-type reagents,(More)
Fifty-eight percent of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) from Qidong, China, contain an AGG to AGT mutation at codon 249 of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, a mutation that is rarely seen in HCCs from Western countries. The population of Qidong is exposed to high levels of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a fungal toxin that has been shown to induce the same mutation in(More)
We have compared the mechanisms of the transcriptional induction of c-fos in mouse epidermal cells JB6 (clone 30) by an extracellular burst of active oxygen of the type produced by inflammatory phagocytes to induction by serum and phorbol ester. All three inducers elicit a characteristic immediate early response of c-fos which is inhibited by the protein(More)
In this study, several neuropeptides were identified by immunohistochemistry in neuroendocrine cells (NEC) located in the gut epithelium and nerve cell bodies of the enteric nervous system of pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis, a species that is a promising candidate for intensive aquaculture. The neuropeptides involved in orexigenic or anorexigenic action,(More)
Spontaneously immortalized human skin keratinocytes (HaCaT) were transfected with the c-Ha-ras (EJ) oncogene via a plasmid construct which also contained the selectable neomycin gene. Clones were selected on the basis of G418 resistance. Those clones that had stable integrants of Ha-ras fell into 3 classes with respect to tumorigenicity. Class I clones were(More)
A major goal in multistep carcinogenesis research is the integration of recent findings obtained by sophisticated molecular-genetic and cytogenetic analysis of cancer into the more descriptive concepts of experimental pathology. It is proposed that the creation of a promotable cell in carcinogenic initiation requires a response modification to extracellular(More)
Point mutations in ras protooncogenes and in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are common in many forms of human cancer. The identification of carcinogens which are responsible for their induction in humans is of great interest because it may suggest measures for disease prevention. Furthermore, the load of somatic mutations in cancer-related genes in(More)
The processing of covalent aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)-DNA adducts was investigated in confluent normal fibroblasts (NF) and xeroderma pigmentosum skin fibroblasts of Complementation Group A (XPA) following treatment with rat liver microsome-activated AFB1 for 30 min. Following rapid DNA isolation at slightly acidic pH by a new filter technique, more than 90% of(More)