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Human (h) placenta-derived choriocarcinoma cell lines (BeWo, JAR, and JEG-3) were examined for expression of pituitary GH (hGH-N) as well as placental GH variant (hGH-V) and chorionic somatomammotropin (hCS, encoded by the hCS-A or hCS-B gene). RNA was isolated and assessed using hGH-N complementary DNA since hGH and hCS genes share more than 90% sequences(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) plays a vital role in the growth and differentiation of cardiac myocytes. It exists in high and low molecular weight forms because of the use of alternative initiation codons in the same mRNA. Higher levels of high molecular weight forms (molecular mass of 22 and 21.5 kD) are present in the rat heart during the(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 16 (FGF-16) expression has previously been detected in mouse heart at mid-gestation in the endocardium and epicardium, suggesting a role in embryonic heart development. More specifically, exogenously applied FGF-16 has been shown to stimulate growth of embryonic myocardial cells in tissue explants. We have generated mice lacking(More)
Expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) in Schwann cells is modulated by external stimuli. To study possible interactions of both factors we have analyzed mutual effects of exogenous IL-6 and FGF-2 on the expression of each other and the corresponding receptor (R) molecules IL-6R and FGFR1 after peripheral nerve lesion in(More)
The heart expresses high and low molecular weight (hmw, lmw) fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) isoforms. While the injury-repair-related activities of lmw-FGF-2 have been studied extensively, those of hmw-FGF-2 have not. Thus, we investigated the effects of hmw-FGF-2 on acute as well as chronic responses to myocardial infarction (MI) induced by(More)
This report summarizes our studies, in context with the results of other laboratories, of the molecular mechanisms of glucocorticoid hormone action. The receptors for these steroids are comprised of single polypeptide chains of about 90,000 molecular weight. Binding of agonist steroids to the receptor induces a conformational change to an active receptor(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), a mitogenic, angiogenic, and cardioprotective agent, is released from the postnatal heart by a mechanism of transient remodelling of the sarcolemma during contraction. Both release of FGF-2 and its synthesis can be increased with adrenergic stimulation. We reported previously that FGF-2 synthesis can be regulated at the(More)
We generated transgenic (TG) mice overexpressing fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 protein (22- to 34-fold) in the heart. Chronic FGF-2 overexpression revealed no significant effect on heart weight-to-body weight ratio or expression of cardiac differentiation markers. There was, however, a significant 20% increase in capillary density. Although there was no(More)
FGF-16 has been reported to be preferentially expressed in the adult rat heart. We have investigated the expression of FGF-16 in the perinatal and postnatal heart and its functional significance in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. FGF-16 mRNA accumulation was observed by quantitative RT-PCR between neonatal days 1 and 7, with this increased expression(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), a mitogenic, angiogenic, and cardioprotective agent, is reported to be released from the postnatal heart by a mechanism of transient remodeling of the sarcolemma during contraction. This release can be increased with adrenergic stimulation. RNA blotting was used to assess whether FGF-2 synthesis in neonatal rat(More)