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Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) plays a vital role in the growth and differentiation of cardiac myocytes. It exists in high and low molecular weight forms because of the use of alternative initiation codons in the same mRNA. Higher levels of high molecular weight forms (molecular mass of 22 and 21.5 kD) are present in the rat heart during the(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 16 (FGF-16) expression has previously been detected in mouse heart at mid-gestation in the endocardium and epicardium, suggesting a role in embryonic heart development. More specifically, exogenously applied FGF-16 has been shown to stimulate growth of embryonic myocardial cells in tissue explants. We have generated mice lacking(More)
Human (h) placenta-derived choriocarcinoma cell lines (BeWo, JAR, and JEG-3) were examined for expression of pituitary GH (hGH-N) as well as placental GH variant (hGH-V) and chorionic somatomammotropin (hCS, encoded by the hCS-A or hCS-B gene). RNA was isolated and assessed using hGH-N complementary DNA since hGH and hCS genes share more than 90% sequences(More)
The heart expresses high and low molecular weight (hmw, lmw) fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) isoforms. While the injury-repair-related activities of lmw-FGF-2 have been studied extensively, those of hmw-FGF-2 have not. Thus, we investigated the effects of hmw-FGF-2 on acute as well as chronic responses to myocardial infarction (MI) induced by(More)
FGF-16 has been reported to be preferentially expressed in the adult rat heart. We have investigated the expression of FGF-16 in the perinatal and postnatal heart and its functional significance in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. FGF-16 mRNA accumulation was observed by quantitative RT-PCR between neonatal days 1 and 7, with this increased expression(More)
We generated transgenic (TG) mice overexpressing fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 protein (22- to 34-fold) in the heart. Chronic FGF-2 overexpression revealed no significant effect on heart weight-to-body weight ratio or expression of cardiac differentiation markers. There was, however, a significant 20% increase in capillary density. Although there was no(More)
A region located remotely upstream of the human pituitary GH (GH-N) gene and required for efficient GH-N gene expression in the pituitary of transgenic mice was cloned as a 1.6-kb Bg/II (1.6G) fragment. The 1.6G fragment in the forward or reverse orientation increased -496GH-N promoter activity significantly in pituitary GC and GH3 cells after gene(More)
We examined the effect of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 on myocardial resistance to injury when administered after the onset of ischemia, in vivo and ex vivo, and the role of FGF-2 receptors and protein kinase C (PKC). FGF-2 was injected into the left ventricle of rats undergoing permanent surgical coronary occlusion leading to myocardial infarction(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is a potent regulator of many cellular functions and phenomena, including cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, adhesion, migration, motility and apoptosis, and processes such as limb formation, wound healing, tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, vasculogenesis and blood vessel remodeling. In the adult myocardium, FGF-2(More)
We have used adenoviral vectors to express dominant negative variants of protein kinase C epsilon (PKCepsilon) or mitogen kinase kinase 1 (MKK1) to investigate their involvement in phorbol ester-induced connexin-43 (Cx43) phosphorylation in cardiomyocytes. Stimulation of cardiomyocytes with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) increased the fraction of the(More)