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Transaminase enzymes are being increasingly applied to the large-scale synthesis of unnatural and nonproteinogenic amino acids. Typically displaying relaxed substrate specificity, rapid reaction rates and lacking the need for cofactor regeneration, they possess many characteristics that make them desirable as effective biocatalysts. By judiciously combining(More)
The Drosophila circadian oscillator is composed of transcriptional feedback loops in which CLOCK-CYCLE (CLK-CYC) heterodimers activate their feedback regulators period (per) and timeless (tim) via E-box mediated transcription. These feedback loop oscillators are present in distinct clusters of dorsal and lateral neurons in the adult brain, but how this(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster circadian oscillator comprises interlocked per/tim and Clk transcriptional feedback loops. In the per/tim loop, CLK-CYC-dependent transcriptional activation is rhythmically repressed by PER or PER-TIM to control circadian gene expression that peaks around dusk. Here we show that rhythmic transcription of per and tim involves(More)
Members of the Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases exhibit a striking degree of amino acid homology, particularly notable in the kinase and membrane-proximal regions. A mutagenesis approach was taken to address the functions of specific conserved tyrosine residues within these catalytic and juxtamembrane domains. Ligand stimulation of wild-type EphB2 in(More)
L-2-Aminobutyric acid was synthesised in a transamination reaction from L-threonine and L-aspartic acid as substrates in a whole cell biotransformation using recombinant Escherichia coli K12. The cells contained the cloned genes tyrB, ilvA and alsS which respectively encode tyrosine aminotransferase of E. coli, threonine deaminase of E. coli and(More)
In Bacillus sphaericus and other Bacillus spp., D-amino acid transaminase has been considered solely responsible for biosynthesis of D-glutamate, an essential component of cell wall peptidoglycan, in contrast to the glutamate racemase employed by many other bacteria. We report here the cloning of the dat gene encoding D-amino acid transaminase and the glr(More)
In this paper we describe the cloning and sequence analysis of the tyrB and aspC genes from Escherichia coli K12, which encode the aromatic aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase respectively. The tyrB gene was isolated from a cosmid carrying the nearby dnaB gene, identified by its ability to complement a dnaB lesion. Deletion and linker insertion(More)
Ras is a small GTPase that is activated by upstream guanine nucleotide exchange factors, one of which is Ras-GRF2. GRF2 is a widely expressed protein with several recognizable sequence motifs, including a Ras exchanger motif (REM), a PEST region containing a destruction box (DB), and a Cdc25 domain. The Cdc25 domain possesses guanine nucleotide exchange(More)
The gene encoding the D-aminotransferase from Bacillus licheniformis was cloned and the complete DNA sequence was determined. The deduced D-aminotransferase protein sequence, consists of 283 amino acids and shows a high degree of homology with other Bacillus D-aminotransferases, branched chain aminotransferase of Escherichia coli and the(More)
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