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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In the European Union, COPD and asthma, together with pneumonia, are the third most common cause of death. In North America, COPD is the fourth leading cause of death, and mortality rates and prevalence are increasing. The major characteristic of COPD is the presence(More)
A pathophysiological study of the pulmonary vasculature in 10 patients with hypoxic cor pulmonale and severe airways obstruction (five treated and five untreated with long-term oxygen) is presented. The media of muscular pulmonary arteries was normal or atrophic but, in the intima, there was active deposition of longitudinal muscle, fibrosis and elastosis.(More)
BACKGROUND To assist clinicians and researchers in choosing outcome measures for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease attending routine outpatient clinics, a comparative assessment was undertaken of four questionnaires designed to reflect the patients' perception of their physical and emotional health in terms of their feasibility, validity,(More)
1. The effect of blockade of nitric oxide synthesis in pulmonary endothelium by two L-arginine analogues was tested in isolated blood-perfused lungs of normal rats and rats exposed chronically to 10% O2. 2. In both groups of rats the analogues (N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)) enhanced hypoxic vasoconstriction.(More)
Patients presenting with chronic obstructive airways disease and hypoxic cor pulmonale were assessed during a period of clinical stability. Seventy two patients (53 male) with a mean age of 60 years were selected for long term oxygen therapy. Mean FEV1 was 0.78 l and forced vital capacity 1.9 l. The mean arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) was 6.1 kPa (46 mm Hg)(More)
We report a series of eight patients with the Say/Barber/Biesecker/Young-Simpson (SBBYS) type of Ohdo syndrome, which is the largest cohort described to date. We expand on the type, frequency and severity of the clinical characteristics in this condition; comment on the natural history of Ohdo syndrome and further refine previously published diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND Breathlessness is a common and difficult symptom to treat in patients with cancer. Case reports suggest that nebulised furosemide can relieve breathlessness in such patients but few data are available. METHOD Patients with primary or secondary lung cancer and a Dyspnoea Exertion Scale score of >or=3 were recruited. Following familiarisation,(More)
Although the factors associated with mortality, such as forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), arterial oxygen tension (Pa,O2) and pulmonary arterial pressure, have been well described, there is limited information on the circumstances of death in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
701 patients, age 61.9 +/- 8.3 yr (mean +/- SD), with hypoxaemic chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD) were entered into a one yr placebo-controlled double-blind study to determine the effect of oral almitrine bismesylate on arterial blood gas tensions and clinical condition. Initial arterial O2 tension (PaO2) was 7.6 +/- 0.8 kPa (57.0 +/- 6.2 mmHg)(More)