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The microcirculation contains mononuclear phagocytes, with features characteristic of macrophages, adhered to luminal capillary surfaces by intercellular adhesion plaques. These pulmonary intravascular macrophages may play an important role in regulating lung vascular tone and capillary permeability, and may modulate capillary endothelial cell growth and(More)
The aim of the study was to assess whether endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) could accurately measure the locoregional response to chemoradiotherapy in patients with carcinoma of the esophagus. Seventeen patients with esophageal carcinoma underwent EUS examination before and on completion of chemoradiotherapy. The EUS findings were correlated with the results of(More)
Countryside Survey is a unique large scale long-term monitoring programme investigating stock and change of habitats, landscape features, vegetation, soil and freshwaters of Great Britain. Repeat field surveys combine policy and scientific objectives to provide evidence on how multiple aspects of the environment are changing over time, a key goal of(More)
Expression of class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on monocytes is a prerequisite for effective antigen presentation and processing, an important component of the immune response to infection. It has been reported that the level of monocyte class II expression may identify patients who go on to develop infective complications following trauma. In(More)
Laparoscopic technology is likely to have an increasing impact on surgical procedures that have previously required an open approach. We have prospectively evaluated laparoscopic colectomy in 40 patients requiring elective colonic excision mainly for malignant disease. 33 of 40 patients had a successfully completed laparoscopic colectomy, although there was(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors described their experience with laparoscopic-assisted colorectal resection for colorectal carcinoma, both curative and palliative, with emphasis on patient selection. The techniques of the operations were described. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Laparoscopic colorectal procedures for treatment of benign lesions have been shown to be less(More)
INTRODUCTION Oesophagogastric cancers are known to spread rapidly to locoregional lymph nodes and by transcoelomic spread to the peritoneal cavity. Staging laparoscopy combined with peritoneal cytology can detect advanced disease that may not be apparent on other staging investigations. The aim of this study was to determine the current value of staging(More)
Activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are implicated in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI) associated with sepsis. Adhesion of activated PMNs to endothelial monolayers is mediated by the CD18 adhesion-receptor complex on the PMN cell surface. Monoclonal antibody 60.3 (MoAb 60.3) blocks CD18-dependent PMN-endothelial adhesion in vitro and in(More)