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The heterozygous mutation B6;C3-Opa1(Q285STOP), which models autosomal dominant optic atrophy, leads to a 50% reduction in Opa1 transcript and protein in the mouse retina and neural tissues and is associated with visual dysfunction and structural changes in the murine retina and optic nerve. In this article we use this model to quantify and evaluate the(More)
Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is the most common inherited optic neuropathy affecting one in every 12,000 people. It presents with bilateral visual loss, central visual fields defects, colour vision disturbance and optic disc pallor. OPA1 has been identified as the responsible gene and its locus mapped to chromosome 3q28-q29. Mutations in this gene are(More)
Retinal ganglion cell dendritic pruning has been reported in association with a 50% reduction in Opa1 transcript and protein in retinal and neural tissue, which manifests as visual dysfunction in the heterozygous mutant mouse, B6;C3-Opa1(Q285STOP). Here we report a marked reduction in retinal ganglion cell synaptic connectivity in the absence of soma loss(More)
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) may be regarded as a target biomarker in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We therefore explored the possibility that RGC degeneration, rather than cell loss, is an early marker of neuronal degeneration in a murine model of AD. RGC dendritic morphology and dendritic spine densities of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal neurons were quantified(More)
Glaucoma is a complex disease affecting an estimated 70 million people worldwide, characterised by the progressive degeneration of retinal ganglion cells and accompanying visual field loss. The common site of damage to retinal ganglion cells is thought to be at the optic nerve head, however evidence from other optic neuropathies and neurodegenerative(More)
Autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) is a slowly progressive optic neuropathy caused by mutations in the OPA1 gene. OPA1 is ubiquitously expressed and plays a key role in mitochondrial fusion. Heterozygous Opa1 mutant mice (B6; C3-Opa1(Q285STOP)), have previously been reported to develop visual defects and optic nerve changes. In this study, in vivo(More)
Controlled, wireless neuromodulation using miniature implantable devices is a long-sought goal in neuroscience. It will allow many studies and treatments that are otherwise impractical. Recent studies demonstrate advances in neuromodulation through optogenetics, but test animals are typically tethered, severely limiting experimental possibilities. Existing(More)
Glaucomas are neurodegenerative diseases that cause vision loss, especially in the elderly. The mechanisms initiating glaucoma and driving neuronal vulnerability during normal aging are unknown. Studying glaucoma-prone mice, we show that mitochondrial abnormalities are an early driver of neuronal dysfunction, occurring before detectable degeneration.(More)
Mounting evidence suggests neuroinflammation is a key process in glaucoma, yet the precise roles are not known. Understanding these complex processes, which may also be a key in other common neurodegenerations such as Alzheimer's disease, will lead to targeted therapeutics for a disease that affects as many as 80 million people worldwide. Here, we define(More)
Glaucoma is a complex, multifactorial disease characterised by the loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons leading to a decrease in visual function. The earliest events that damage retinal ganglion cells in glaucoma are currently unknown. Retinal ganglion cell death appears to be compartmentalised, with soma, dendrite and axon changes potentially(More)