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A form of adult onset 'bulbospinal muscular atrophy' of X-linked recessive inheritance is described in 10 patients from eight families. Muscle weakness in the limbs was mainly proximal and developed in the third to fifth decades of life, often preceded by muscle cramps on exertion and tremor of the hands. Weakness and fasciculation of the facial muscles and(More)
A case of type 1 (adult) Gaucher's disease with a late onset tapeto-retinal degeneration and an initially dopamine responsive extrapyramidal syndrome is described. The literature reporting neurological involvement in type 1 Gaucher's disease is reviewed, and it is concluded that the absence of symptoms and signs of nervous system involvement cannot be used(More)
The assembly of atherogenic lipoproteins requires the formation in the endoplasmic reticulum of a complex between apolipoprotein (apo)B, a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) and protein disulphide isomerase (PDI). Here we show by molecular modelling and mutagenesis that the globular amino-terminal regions of apoB and MTP are closely related in(More)
The clinical and neurophysiological features of 18 cases of chronic asymmetrical spinal muscular atrophy are described. These were patients presenting with asymmetrical neurogenic atrophy involving one or more limbs who had no evidence of pyramidal tract dysfunction after 3 or more years of symptoms. There were twice as many males as females and the mean(More)
BB-3644 is an oral, broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPI) structurally related to marimastat and BB-94. It is also >10-fold more active than marimastat in inhibiting the processing of cell-bound TNF-alpha. Preclinical studies suggested a favourable toxicity profile when compared to marimastat, and therefore it was selected for clinical(More)
X-linked hypophosphataemic rickets is a familial form of Vitamin D resistant rickets in which gross bony and ligamentous changes may occur. Two patients showing severe spinal disease with evidence of spinal cord compression requiring neurosurgical intervention are reported. The management of such lesions may be problematic as cord compression may be found(More)
The focal adhesion docking protein NEDD9/HEF1/Cas-L regulates cell migration and cancer invasion. NEDD9 is a member of the Cas family of proteins that share conserved overall protein-protein interaction domain structure, including a substrate domain that is characterized by extensive tyrosine (Y) phosphorylation. Previous studies have suggested that(More)
The critical role of migration and invasion in cancer metastasis warrants new therapeutic approaches targeting the machinery regulating cell migration and invasion. While 2-dimensional (2D) models have helped identify a range of adhesion molecules, cytoskeletal components and regulators that are potentially important for cell migration, the use of models(More)
Five patients with unilateral orbital tumours are described in whom transient loss of vision occurred on deviation of the affected eye from the primary position. Other presenting features were diplopia, proptosis, poor visual acuity, visual field defects, pupillary abnormalities, fundal changes and altered colour vision. Abnormalities on fluorescein(More)