Pervez Ghauri

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The costs of doing business abroad (CDBA) is a well-known concept in the international business literature, measuring the disadvantages or additional costs borne by multinational enterprises (MNEs) that are not borne by local firms in a host country. Recently, international management scholars have introduced a second concept, liability of foreignness(More)
Purpose – To provide guidance for the formalised analysis of qualitative data and observations, to raise awareness about systematic analysis and illustrate promising avenues for the application of qualitative methodologies in international marketing research. Design/methodology/approach – Conceptually, the nature of qualitative research, globalisation and(More)
The internationalization of small and medium-sized businesses typically involves negotiation, agreement and exchange between business leaders from different national cultural values and traditions. Explores whether, and how, national values affect the strategic aims of business leaders, the content of their strategic deliberations, and the processes they(More)
and Key Results 0 Reliability, validity, generalisability and objectivity are fundamental concerns for quantitative researchers. For qualitative research, however, the role of these dimensions is blurred. Some researchers argue that these dimensions are not applicable to qualitative research and a qualitative researcher’s tool chest should be geared towards(More)
This chapter analyzes the locational probability of manufacturing investment by foreign based multinational companies (MNCs) in Central Europe. The analysis focuses on direct investment during the early years of the economic transition to capitalism, using 1990-93 individual plant data reported for new operations. The probability of country selection was(More)
For more than a decade, market orientation approach has been most prevalent in marketing literature. According to this approach firms reactively respond to market conditions and customer trends. The market driving approach is characterised by an ability of the firm to proactively shape the market structure and offer completely new value propositions through(More)