Pertti Lehikoinen

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[methyl-11C]Choline (11C-choline) is a radioligand potentially useful for oncological positron emission tomography (PET). As a first step towards the development of a kinetic model for quantification of 11C-choline uptake, blood metabolism of 11C-choline during PET imaging was studied in humans. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and thin-layer(More)
Carbon-11 choline has recently been introduced as a potential tracer for tumour imaging with positron emission tomography (PET). We evaluated the kinetics of the uptake of [(11)C]choline in prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. We also evaluated the association between the uptake of [(11)C]choline and the histological grade of malignancy,(More)
This study was conducted to develop a new positron emission tomography (PET) method to visualize neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor systems in the human brain in vivo in order to examine their neuroanatomical distribution and facilitate investigations of the role of substance P, NK1 receptors, and NK1 receptor antagonists in central nervous system (CNS) function(More)
Methyl-11C-choline ([11C]choline) is a radiopharmaceutical used for oncological PET studies. We investigated the biodistribution and biokinetics of [11C]choline and provide estimates of radiation doses in humans. The distribution of [11C]choline was evaluated ex vivo in healthy rats (n=9) by measuring the radioactivity of excised organs, and in vivo in(More)
Striatal D2 dopamine receptor characteristics of nine male patients with alcohol dependence abstinent for 1–68 weeks and eight healthy male volunteers were studied in vivo with positron emission tomography. The selective D2 receptor ligand [11C]raclopride and equilibrium model was used for D2 receptor density (Bmax) and affinity (Kd) measurements. A trend(More)
L-[methyl-11-C]methionine (11C-methionine) uptake of seven primary breast cancers, four soft tissue metastases of breast cancer, and three other breast lesions was studied by positron emission tomography (PET). 11C-methionine accumulation was assessed by calculating the standardised uptake value (SUV). The mean SUV for breast cancer was 8.5 +/- 3.3 (s.d.),(More)
Background: The signal of choline containing compounds (Cho) in proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) is elevated in brain tumors. [11C]choline uptake as assessed using positron emission tomography (PET) has also been suggested to be higher in brain tumors than in the normal brain. We examined whether quantitative analysis of choline accumulation(More)
Abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system are known to be of prognostic significance in chronic heart failure (CHF). The prognostic value of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of cardiac autonomic innervation in CHF has not been explored previously. We retrospectively studied the survival data of 46 NYHA class II–III CHF patients (mean LVEF(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the effect of exercise training on myocardial oxidative metabolism and efficiency in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and mild heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Exercise training is known to improve exercise tolerance and quality of life in patients with chronic HF. However, little is(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise intolerance is a hallmark symptom in patients with heart failure; however, myocardial factors contributing to the limited exercise capacity are not fully characterized. METHODS Twenty patients with stable heart failure resulting from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and 13 controls were studied. Myocardial perfusion,(More)