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When mitochondrial DNA sequence variation is analyzed from a sample of 637 individuals in 14 European populations, most populations show little differentiation with respect to each other. However, the Saami distinguish themselves by a comparatively large amount of sequence difference when compared with the other populations, by a different distribution of(More)
A single base mutation at nucleotide position 3460 (nt 3460) in the ND1 gene in human mtDNA was found to be associated with Leber hereditary optic neuroretinopathy (LHON). The G-to-A mutation converts an alanine to a threonine at the 52d codon of the gene. The mutation also abolishes an AhaII restriction site and thus can be detected easily by RFLP(More)
Y chromosomal polymorphisms were studied in 502 males from 16 Eurasian ethnic groups including the Finns, Saami (Inari Lake area and Skolt Saami), Karelians, Mari, Mokshas, Erzas, Hungarians (Budapest area and Csángós), Khanty, Mansi, Yakuts, Koryaks, Nivkhs, Mongolians, and Latvians. The samples were analysed for polymorphisms in the Y chromosome specific(More)
The genetic relationships between two Finno-Ugric-speaking populations, the Finns and the Finnish Saami (Lapps), were studied by using PCR for six nuclear-DNA marker loci, mitochondrial restriction-site polymorphism, and sequence variation of a 360-bp segment of the mitochondrial control region. The allele frequencies of each of the nuclear-DNA marker loci(More)
Lysosomal free sialic acid-storage diseases include the allelic disorders Salla disease (SD) and infantile sialic acid-storage disease (ISSD). The defective gene, SLC17A5, coding for the lysosomal free sialic acid transporter was recently isolated by positional cloning. In the present study, we have identified a large number of mutations in SLC17A5 in(More)
Sialic acid storage diseases (SASD, MIM 269920) are autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorders that may present as a severe infantile form (ISSD) or a slowly progressive adult form, which is prevalent in Finland (Salla disease). The main symptoms are hypotonia, cerebellar ataxia and mental retardation; visceromegaly and coarse features are also present(More)
Translocation between the long arms of chromosomes 11 and 22 is usually detected in offspring with an unbalanced karyotype following a 3:1 disjunction resulting in “partial trisomy.” Since by the end of 1976 it was suspected that this translocation might be more frequent than one would deduce from published reports, it was decided to call for a(More)
An association between DiGeorge's syndrome and an unbalanced chromosomal rearrangement leading to trisomy 20pter→20q11 and monosomy 22pter→22q11 was found in four individuals belonging to one family. These and other data from the literature are interpreted to suggest that DiGeorge's syndrome can be caused by deletion of a gene located in chromosome 22,(More)
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation of 24 Finnish Leber hereditary optic neuroretinopathy (LHON) probands was characterized by sequencing and restriction endonuclease analyses. All LHON-associated substitutions and Caucasoid haplogroup-specific mutations were screened in the families. Analysis of the mtDNAs revealed that the Finnish LHON(More)
Our patient material included families and sporadic patients of Finnish origin with the diagnosis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease types 1 and 2, Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS), and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). We screened for mutations in the peripheral myelin protein genes connexin 32 (Cx32), myelin protein zero(More)