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OBJECTIVE The Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium has collected type 1 diabetic families worldwide for genetic analysis. The major genetic determinants of type 1 diabetes are alleles at the HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 loci, with both susceptible and protective DR-DQ haplotypes present in all human populations. The aim of this study is to estimate the risk conferred(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relative risk associated with DPA1 and DPB1 alleles and haplotypes in type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The frequency of DPA1 and DPB1 alleles and haplotypes in type 1 diabetic patients was compared to the family based control frequency in 1,771 families directly and conditional on HLA (B)-DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 linkage(More)
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and class II loci are the most polymorphic genes in the human genome; distinguishing the thousands of HLA alleles is challenging. Next generation sequencing of exonic amplicons with the 454 genome sequence (GS) FLX System and Conexio Assign ATF 454 software provides high resolution, high throughput HLA genotyping(More)
BACKGROUND Although human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ and DR loci appear to confer the strongest genetic risk for type 1 diabetes, more detailed information is required for other loci within the HLA region to understand causality and stratify additional risk factors. The Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium (T1DGC) study design included high-resolution(More)
The analysis of families collected by the T1DGC and typed at high resolution for the HLA class I and class II loci provided an opportunity for identifying new alleles and rare recombination events. In one American Caucasian family, a novel allele (HLA-DPB1*1302), detected as an unusual pattern of probe binding, was identified in the mother and in one child.(More)
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