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UNLABELLED Use of chronic opioid therapy for chronic noncancer pain has increased substantially. The American Pain Society and the American Academy of Pain Medicine commissioned a systematic review of the evidence on chronic opioid therapy for chronic noncancer pain and convened a multidisciplinary expert panel to review the evidence and formulate(More)
OBJECTIVE A panel of experts in pain medicine and public policy convened to examine root causes and risk factors for opioid-related poisoning deaths and to propose recommendations to reduce death rates. METHODS Panelists reviewed results from a search of PubMed and state and federal government sources to assess frequency, demographics, and risk factors(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic noncancer pain is common and use of opioids is increasing. Previously published guidelines on use of opioids for chronic noncancer pain have been based primarily on expert consensus due to lack of strong evidence. We conducted searches on Ovid MEDLINE and the Cochrane databases through July 2008 to identify studies that addressed one or(More)
UNLABELLED Optimal methods to predict risk of aberrant drug-related behaviors before initiation of opioids for chronic noncancer pain and to identify aberrant behaviors after therapy is initiated are uncertain. We systematically reviewed published literature identified through searches of Ovid MEDLINE and the Cochrane databases through July 2008. Diagnostic(More)
INTRODUCTION The mechanism(s) underlying the eye pain syndrome characterized by photo-oculodynia and decreased tears (herein referred to as PODS) is unknown. Postulating a sympathetically maintained pain mechanism, cervical sympathetic ganglion blocks (CSB) were performed in an open-label trial in two patients as a pilot test of our hypothesis. Because(More)
Opioid rotation refers to a switch from one opioid to another in an effort to improve the response to analgesic therapy or reduce adverse effects. It is a common method to address the problem of poor opioid responsiveness despite optimal dose titration. Guidelines for opioid rotation are empirical and begin with the selection of a safe and reasonably(More)
  • Perry G Fine
  • 2004
Opioid analgesics are an irreplaceable component of pharmacotherapy of numerous pain-producing conditions. Clinicians and patients must contend with the imperfect nature of this class of drugs, trying to balance benefits and burdens on a continual basis. New literature related to evidence-based selection of opioids and the neurobiological phenomenon of(More)
The endocannabinoid system is involved in a host of homeostatic and physiologic functions, including modulation of pain and inflammation. The specific roles of currently identified endocannabinoids that act as ligands at endogenous cannabinoid receptors within the central nervous system (primarily but not exclusively CB 1 receptors) and in the periphery(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic or persistent pain is a common problem in older adults and is often associated with significant physical disability and psychosocial problems. The potential benefits, risks, and costs of pharmacotherapy as a mainstay in the treatment of moderate to severe pain in this population must be well-understood and weighed accordingly. Recent(More)
Concern that opioids hasten death may be among the reasons that pain is treated inadequately in populations with advanced illness. Studies that assess the true risks are needed. To determine whether survival after last opioid dose change is associated with opioid dosing characteristics and other factors, data from the National Hospice Outcomes Project, a(More)