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The composition of human gut microbiota and their relationship with the host and, consequently, with human health and disease, presents several challenges to microbiologists. Originally dominated by culture-dependent methods for exploring this ecosystem, the advent of molecular tools has revolutionized our ability to investigate these relationships.(More)
Brevibacillus massiliensis strain phR(T) sp. nov. is the type strain of B. massiliensis sp. nov., a new species within the genus Brevibacillus. This strain was isolated from the fecal flora of a woman suffering from morbid obesity. B. massiliensis is a Gram-positive aerobic rod-shaped bacterium. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with(More)
Alistipes obesi sp. nov. strain ph8(T) is the type strain of A. obesi, a new species within the genus Alistipes. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. A. obesi is an obligately anaerobic rod. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the(More)
Peptoniphilus grossensis strain ph5(T) sp. nov., is the type strain of Peptoniphilus grossensis sp. nov., a new species within the Peptoniphilus genus. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. P. grossensis strain ph5 is a Gram-positive obligate anaerobic coccus.(More)
Peptoniphilus obesi strain ph1(T) sp. nov., is the type strain of P. obesi sp. nov., a new species within the genus Peptoniphilus. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. P. obesi strain ph1(T) is a Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic coccus. Here we describe the(More)
Enorma massiliensis strain phI(T) is the type strain of E. massiliensis gen. nov., sp. nov., the type species of a new genus within the family Coriobacteriaceae, Enorma gen. nov. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. E. massiliensis strain phI(T) is a(More)
Kallipyga massiliensis strain ph2(T) is the type strain of Kallipyga massiliensis gen. nov., sp. nov., the type species of the new genus Kallipyga within the family Clostridiales Incertae Sedis XI. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. K. massiliensis is an(More)
We report the properties of a draft genome sequence of the bacterium Anaerococcus vaginalis strain PH9, a species within the Anaerococcus genus. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. A. vaginalis is an obligate anaerobic coccus. Here we describe the features of(More)
BACKGROUND In Africa, there are several problems with the specific identification of bacteria. Recently, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry has become a powerful tool for the routine microbial identification in many clinical laboratories. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS This study was conducted using feces from 347 individuals (162 with diarrhea and 185 without(More)
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is associated with inadequate diet, low levels of plasma antioxidants and gut microbiota alterations. The link between gut redox and microbial alterations, however, remains unexplored. By sequencing the gut microbiomes of 79 children of varying nutritional status from three centers in Senegal and Niger, we found a dramatic(More)