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Comprehensive determination of the microbial composition of the gut microbiota and the relationships with health and disease are major challenges in the 21st century. Metagenomic analysis of the human gut microbiota detects mostly uncultured bacteria. We studied stools from two lean Africans and one obese European, using 212 different culture conditions(More)
Bacterial culture was the first method used to describe the human microbiota, but this method is considered outdated by many researchers. Metagenomics studies have since been applied to clinical microbiology; however, a "dark matter" of prokaryotes, which corresponds to a hole in our knowledge and includes minority bacterial populations, is not elucidated(More)
The composition of human gut microbiota and their relationship with the host and, consequently, with human health and disease, presents several challenges to microbiologists. Originally dominated by culture-dependent methods for exploring this ecosystem, the advent of molecular tools has revolutionized our ability to investigate these relationships.(More)
Brevibacillus massiliensis strain phR(T) sp. nov. is the type strain of B. massiliensis sp. nov., a new species within the genus Brevibacillus. This strain was isolated from the fecal flora of a woman suffering from morbid obesity. B. massiliensis is a Gram-positive aerobic rod-shaped bacterium. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with(More)
In 1675, Antoni Van Leeuwenhoeck was the first to observe several forms using an optical microscope that he named "animalcules", realizing later that these were microorganisms. The first classification of living organisms proposed by Ehrenberg in 1833 was based on what we could visualize. The failure of this kind of classification arises from viral culture,(More)
Peptoniphilus grossensis strain ph5(T) sp. nov., is the type strain of Peptoniphilus grossensis sp. nov., a new species within the Peptoniphilus genus. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. P. grossensis strain ph5 is a Gram-positive obligate anaerobic coccus.(More)
Peptoniphilus obesi strain ph1(T) sp. nov., is the type strain of P. obesi sp. nov., a new species within the genus Peptoniphilus. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. P. obesi strain ph1(T) is a Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic coccus. Here we describe the(More)
The human gut flora is currently widely characterised using molecular techniques. Microbial culturomics (large-scale culture conditions with identification of colonies using MALDI-TOF or 16S rRNA) is part of the rebirth of bacterial culture that was initiated by environmental microbiologists for the design of axenic culture for intracellular bacteria in(More)
Metagenomics revolutionized the understanding of the relations among the human microbiome, health and diseases, but generated a countless number of sequences that have not been assigned to a known microorganism(1). The pure culture of prokaryotes, neglected in recent decades, remains essential to elucidating the role of these organisms(2). We recently(More)
Alistipes obesi sp. nov. strain ph8(T) is the type strain of A. obesi, a new species within the genus Alistipes. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the fecal flora of a 26-year-old woman suffering from morbid obesity. A. obesi is an obligately anaerobic rod. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the(More)