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Glial-guided neuronal migration is a key step in the development of laminar architecture of cortical regions of the mammalian brain. We previously reported that neuronal protein astrotactin (ASTN1) functions as a neuron-glial ligand during CNS glial-guided migration. Here, we identify a new Astn family member, Astn2, that is expressed at high levels in(More)
The immune repertoire to Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide (Hib PS) appears to be dominated by certain light chain variable region genes (IgVL). In order to examine the molecular basis underlying light chain bias, IgVL genes have been cloned from a panel of heterohybridomas secreting human anti-Hib PS (antibody) (anti-Hib PS Ab). One(More)
Neuronal death can be induced by DNA-damaging agents and occurs by apoptosis involving a specific signal-transduction pathway. However, to our knowledge, methods for the quantitative determination of DNA damage in individual neurons have not yet been described. Here we optimize the single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) or "comet"-assay to measure DNA(More)
To examine the human antibody repertoire generated against a biologically significant antigen we have obtained sequences of heavy chain variable region genes (IgVH) from 15 monoclonal antibodies specific for the capsular polysaccharide of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib PS). All VH segments are members of the VH3 family and 9 of 15 are members of the(More)
We have previously shown that human antibody (Ab) directed against the capsular polysaccharide of the important bacterial pathogen, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is encoded by a small group of VH3 gene family members. The majority of anti-Hib PS Ab use members of the smaller VH3b subfamily. To examine directly the available human VH3 repertoire, we(More)
The response to the capsular polysaccharide of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib PS) has been used to determine the molecular basis of antibody gene diversity in humans. In contrast to the relatively restricted nature of anti-Hib PS heavy-chain variable region gene expression, a variety of light-chain variable region genes may encode this antibody (Ab)(More)
Conjugation of bacterial polysaccharides (PS) to protein carriers confers the ability to elicit protective serum Ab in infants, who respond poorly to plain PS. The serum Ab of young children immunized with Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) PS conjugate vaccine varies with age and Ag formulation. To understand these age-related changes in human anti-Hib PS(More)
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