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Most Indian groups descend from a mixture of two genetically divergent populations: Ancestral North Indians (ANI) related to Central Asians, Middle Easterners, Caucasians, and Europeans; and Ancestral South Indians (ASI) not closely related to groups outside the subcontinent. The date of mixture is unknown but has implications for understanding Indian(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a highly heterogeneous trait with sarcomeric gene mutations predominating. The cause of a substantial percentage of DCMs remains unknown, and no gene-specific therapy is available. On the basis of resequencing of 513 DCM cases and 1,150 matched controls from various cohorts of distinct ancestry, we discovered rare, functional(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations are known to cause Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). However, the co-occurrence of double pathogenic mutations with different pathological significance in pedigrees is a rare event. METHODS Detailed clinical investigation and complete mtDNA sequencing analysis was performed for two Indian families(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the clinical and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup background of Indian Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) patients carrying the m.14484T>C mutation. METHODS Detailed clinical investigation and complete mtDNA sequencing analysis was carried out for eight Indian LHON families with the m.14484T>C mutation. Haplogroup was(More)
There have been significant advances in the understanding of mitochondrial function and their contribution to human disease in the last few years. The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by clonal proliferation of multipotent hematopoietic cells with ineffective hematopoiesis. They are often associated with(More)
The Siddis (Afro-Indians) are a tribal population whose members live in coastal Karnataka, Gujarat, and in some parts of Andhra Pradesh. Historical records indicate that the Portuguese brought the Siddis to India from Africa about 300-500 years ago; however, there is little information about their more precise ancestral origins. Here, we perform a(More)
Mutations in PTPN11 gene was responsible for approximately 50% of the Noonan syndrome (NS), however, we did not find any mutation in PTPN11 in any of seven NS patients analysed. Whereas, the complete mtDNA sequencing revealed 146 mutations, of which five, including one heteroplasmic (A11144R; Thr-->Ala) non-synonymous mutation, were novel and exclusively(More)
We performed an extensive study on mitochondrial dysfunction in chronic periodontitis (CP). Electron microscopic analysis of gingival cells revealed abnormal mitochondria in 60% of the patients. Mitochondrial membrane potential and oxygen consumption of gingival cells were reduced by 4 fold and 5.8 fold, respectively; whereas ROS production was increased by(More)
BACKGROUND Constitutional type of an individual or prakriti is the basic clinical denominator in Ayurveda, which defines physical, physiological, and psychological traits of an individual and is the template for individualized diet, lifestyle counseling, and treatment. The large number of phenotype description by prakriti determination is based on the(More)
The m.10398G>A polymorphism in the MT-ND3 gene has been linked to the manifestation of several neurodegenerative disorders and cancers. Several research groups have analyzed the association between m.10398G>A polymorphism and breast cancer; however, the results do not follow a consensus. We have studied this polymorphism in three Dravidian populations from(More)