Perikles Simon

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An ever-growing volume of peer-reviewed publications speaks to the recent and rapid growth in both scope and understanding of exercise immunology. Indeed, more than 95% of all peer-reviewed publications in exercise immunology (currently >2, 200 publications using search terms "exercise" and "immune") have been published since the formation of the(More)
SUMMARY Q-Gene is an application for the processing of quantitative real-time RT-PCR data. It offers the user the possibility to freely choose between two principally different procedures to calculate normalized gene expressions as either means of Normalized Expressions or Mean Normalized Expressions. In this contribution it will be shown that the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To estimate the 12-month prevalence of cognitive-enhancing drug use. DESIGN Paper-and-pencil questionnaire that used the randomized response technique. SETTING University in Mainz, Germany. PARTICIPANTS A total of 2569 university students who completed the questionnaire. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS An anonymous, specialized(More)
BACKGROUND Anabolic ergogenic substance use, in particular the use of anabolic androgenic steroids, is a serious problem in general. Nevertheless, it is subject to debate whether ergogenic substance users exhibit similar features as multiple substance users or whether they constitute a discrete group. METHODS One thousand eight hundred and two(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), the most prominent CNS water channel, is restricted to the glia limitans and astrocytic endfeet. We previously showed the loss of spatial AQP4 expression in glioblastomas and a redistribution across the cell surface. However, opposing AQP4 functions have been described: protective in vasogenic but detrimental in cytotoxic brain edema.(More)
The involvement of immunological alterations in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is widely discussed. Hitherto, findings on systemic immunological alterations are inconsistent. We measured the concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-6, and TNF-alpha, and of the soluble receptors sIL-2r, sIL-6r, and sTNF-alphar, in(More)
AIMS Glutamate receptor antagonists have failed clinical stroke trials and it has been proposed that the action of N-methyl D-aspartate receptors is necessary for neuronal survival. Thus, excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) might be a promising therapeutic target. The aim of this study was to investigate glial expression of EAATs following ischaemia.(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise is an extreme physiological challenge for skeletal muscle energy metabolism and has notable health benefits. We aimed to identify and characterize metabolites, which are components of the regulatory network mediating the beneficial metabolic adaptation to exercise. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS First, we investigated plasma from(More)
Skeletal muscle cells have been established as significant producers of IL-6 during exercise. This IL-6 production is discussed as one possible mediator of the beneficial effects of physical activity on glucose and fatty acid metabolism. IL-6 itself could be the exercise-related factor that upregulates and maintains its own production. We investigated this(More)
PURPOSE Imposing defocus to the retina results in compensatory changes of axial eye growth. It is not clear which factors initially contribute to this process and whether they act on the post-translational, translational, or transcriptional level. We have measured early changes in mRNA levels, in response to imposed negative and positive defocus, of the(More)