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1. The Na+,K+-pump has been implicated in animal models of airway hyperreactivity. We examined the effects of inhibiting the Na+,K+-pump and Na+,Ca2+-exchange on isometric tone of isolated trachealis from humans and other species. 2. In preparations from 5 out of 9 humans, strong spontaneous contractions (36-48 h-1; up to 1.8 g) developed within 25 min. 3.(More)
It has been well documented that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) of multiple myeloma patients play a pivotal role in supporting the growth of mature myeloma cells. With evolving concepts concerning the presence of myeloma stem (initiating) cells, we aimed this investigation to specifically address the supportive role of BMSCs for myeloma stem cell growth(More)
Respirable-sized quartz, a well-established fibrogenic mineral dust, is compared with kaolin in erythrocyte hemolysis assays after treatment with saline dispersion of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine, a primary phospholipid component of pulmonary surfactant. Both dusts are rendered inactive after treatment, but the membranolytic activity is partly to fully(More)
Spermidine, spermine, and putreanine, a metabolite of spermidine, caused transient relaxation of the isolated guinea-pig trachealis. The spermidine effect was not blocked by ouabain, propranolol or indomethacin. Spermidine treatment was shown to desensitize the tissue to subsequent additions of spermidine. After exposure to spermidine and repeated washes(More)
The macrophage-like cell line, P388D1, was exposed to dipalmitoyl lecithin (DPL)-coated respirable quartz and kaolin, and the disappearance of the DPL was monitored for up to 9 days. The coating was removed rapidly at first (about 50% in the first 3 days) and then more slowly over the remaining 6 days, until about 30% remained on day 9. The rate of DPL(More)
We have previously observed a paradoxical relaxant effect of K+ on guinea-pig isolated trachealis after exposure to polyamines. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether the relaxation involved a reduction in the entry of extracellular Ca2+. We therefore investigated the effect of K+ in the presence of Ca2+-entry blocking drugs and in the(More)
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