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This paper presents a new, quantitative approach to measuring abnormal intra-QRS signals, using the high-resolution electrocardiogram (HRECG). These signals are conventionally known as QRS "notches and slurs." They are measured qualitatively and form the basis for the ECG identification of myocardial infarction. The HRECG is used for detection of(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between heart rate turbulence (HRT) parameters and clinical, biochemical, echocardiographic, and electrocardiographic measures of heart failure (HF) in a large, prospectively enrolled population of patients with HF to determine whether HRT could be considered a marker of HF advancement and progression,(More)
For several decades, a number of methods have been developed for the noninvasive assessment of the level of consciousness during general anesthesia. In this paper, detrended fluctuation analysis is used to study the scaling behavior of the electroencephalogram as a measure of the level of consciousness. Three indexes are proposed in order to characterize(More)
Accurate signal estimation by means of coherent averaging techniques needs temporal alignment methods. A known low-pass filtering effect is yielded when alignment errors are present. This is very critical in the estimation of low-level high-frequency potentials in high-resolution ECG analysis. A comparative study of the performance of three alignment(More)
This paper presents an algorithm for automatically locating the waveform boundaries (the onsets and ends of P, QRS, and T waves) in multilead ECG signals (the 12 standard leads and the orthogonal XYZ leads). Given these locations, features of clinical importance (such as the RR interval, the PQ interval, the QRS duration, the ST segment, and the QT(More)
A new method is proposed to evaluate the dynamics of QT interval adaptation in response to heart rate (HR) changes. The method considers weighted averages of RR intervals (RR) preceding each cardiac beat to express RR interval history accounting for the influence on repolarization duration. A global optimization algorithm is used to determine the weight(More)
Multiscale entropy (MSE) was proposed to characterize complexity as a function of the time-scale factor tau. Despite its broad use, this technique suffers from two limitations: 1) the artificial MSE reduction due to the coarse graining procedure and 2) the introduction of spurious MSE oscillations due to the suboptimal procedure for the elimination of the(More)
Many bioelectric signals result from the electrical response of physiological systems to an impulse that can be internal (ECG signals) or external (evoked potentials). In this paper an adaptive impulse correlated filter (AICF) for event-related signals that are time-locked to a stimulus is presented. This filter estimates the deterministic component of the(More)
Snoring, a symptom which may indicate the presence of the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSA), is also common in the general population. Recent studies have suggested that the acoustic characteristics of snoring sound may differ between simple snorers and OSA patients. We have studied a small number of patients with simple snoring and OSA, analysing the(More)
BACKGROUND Extraction of the middle latency auditory evoked potentials (AEP) by an auto regressive model with exogenous input (ARX) enables extraction of the AEP within 1.7 s. In this way, the depth of hypnosis can be monitored at almost real-time. However, the identification and the interpretation of the appropriate signals of the AEP could be difficult to(More)