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For several decades, a number of methods have been developed for the noninvasive assessment of the level of consciousness during general anesthesia. In this paper, detrended fluctuation analysis is used to study the scaling behavior of the electroencephalogram as a measure of the level of consciousness. Three indexes are proposed in order to characterize(More)
Multiscale entropy (MSE) was proposed to characterize complexity as a function of the time-scale factor tau. Despite its broad use, this technique suffers from two limitations: 1) the artificial MSE reduction due to the coarse graining procedure and 2) the introduction of spurious MSE oscillations due to the suboptimal procedure for the elimination of the(More)
A correlation dimension analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) was applied to a group of 55 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and 55 healthy subjects as controls. The 24-h RR time series for each subject was divided into segments of 10,000 beats to determine the correlation dimension (CD) per segment. A study of the influence of the time delay(More)
Genome-wide association studies are widely used today to discover genetic factors that modify the risk of complex diseases. Usually, these methods work in a SNP-by-SNP fashion. We present a gene-based test that can be applied in the context of genome-wide association studies. We compare both strategies, SNP-based and gene-based, in a sample of cases and(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to prospectively test the Cerebral State Index designed for measuring the depth of anesthesia. The Cerebral State Index is calculated using a fuzzy logic combination of four subparameters of the electroencephalographic signal. The performance of the Cerebral State Index was compared with that of the Bispectral(More)
A new method is proposed to evaluate the dynamics of QT interval adaptation in response to heart rate (HR) changes. The method considers weighted averages of RR intervals (RR) preceding each cardiac beat to express RR interval history accounting for the influence on repolarization duration. A global optimization algorithm is used to determine the weight(More)
The study assesses complexity of the cardiac control directed to the sinus node and to ventricles in long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) patients with KCNQ1-A341V mutation. Complexity was assessed via refined multiscale entropy (RMSE) computed over the beat-to-beat variability series of heart period (HP) and QT interval. HP and QT interval were approximated(More)
The RT interval is a measure of the ventricular repolarization and is partially influenced by the sympathovagal balance. The analysis of the variation of the duration of the RT and RR intervals might bring new information about the arrhythmogenic vulnerability and autonomic imbalance. The RR signal and its spectral density (SD) are characterized by two(More)
MOTIVATION Finding association between genetic variants and phenotypes related to disease has become an important vehicle for the study of complex disorders. In this context, multi-loci genetic association might unravel additional information when compared with single loci search. The main goal of this work is to propose a non-linear methodology based on(More)