Percival Y.-H. Zhang

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The calcium pump from sarcoplasmic reticulum (Ca2+-ATPase) is typical of the large family of P-type cation pumps. These couple ATP hydrolysis with cation transport, generating cation gradients across membranes. Ca2+-ATPase specifically maintains the low cytoplasmic calcium concentration of resting muscle by pumping calcium into the sarcoplasmic reticulum;(More)
Thapsigargin (TG) is a potent inhibitor of Ca(2+)-ATPase from sarcoplasmic and endoplasmic reticula. Previous enzymatic studies have concluded that Ca(2+)-ATPase is locked in a dead-end complex upon binding TG with an affinity of <1 nM and that this complex closely resembles the E(2) enzymatic state. We have studied the structural effects of TG binding by(More)
BACKGROUND Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a prime candidate crop for biofuel feedstock production in the United States. As it is a self-incompatible polyploid perennial species, breeding elite and stable switchgrass cultivars with traditional breeding methods is very challenging. Translational genomics may contribute significantly to the genetic(More)
A non-discriminatory base analogue, or universal base, would be an invaluable component of oligonucleotide probes and primers for solving the design problems that arise as a result of the degeneracy of the genetic code, or when only fragmentary peptide sequence data are available. We have designed an alternative to previous universal nucleoside candidates,(More)
Clostridium thermocellum cellodextrin phosphor-ylase (CtCDP), a single-module protein without an apparent carbohydrate-binding module, has reported activities on soluble cellodextrin with a degree of polymerization (DP) from two to five. In this study, CtCDP was first discovered to have weak activities on weakly water-soluble cellohep-taose and insoluble(More)
DNA that encodes elements for degenerate replication events by use of artificial nucleobases offers a versatile approach to manipulating sequences for applications in biotechnology. We have designed a family of artificial nucleobases that are capable of assuming multiple hydrogen bonding orientations through internal bond rotations to provide a means for(More)
The Clostridium thermocellum cellobiose phosphorylase (CtCBP) is a large protein consisting of 812 amino acids and has great potential in the production of sugar phosphates, novel glycosides, and biofuels. It is relatively stable at 50 1C, but is rapidly inactivated at 70 1C. To stabilize CtCBP at elevated temperatures, two protein-engineering approaches(More)
Omnivores always show flexible foraging habits and actively shift their diets responding to the varying local conditions as well as different ontogenetic trajectories. Littoral fish commonly exhibiting omnivorous diets across pelagic and benthic food webs has the potential effect on trophic dynamics and food web stability. Here, we studied dietary strategy(More)
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